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Chennai City

Facts at a Glance
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
Location: North East part of Tamil Nadu
Altitude: 6 m
Population: 4,681,087
Area: 1,189 km2
Language: Tamil
Known as: Port city
Nearby Cities: Vellore, Tirupati

Located on the south-east coast of India, Chennai is the capital city of Tamil Nadu. With more than 4.5 million populations, the city is the fourth metropolitan cities of India. It is major cultural, commercial, and educational centre of South India.

By virtue of its coastal location at Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the well developed port city of India; in terms of area, it is the second largest port of India. The port of the region is pretty old and developed many years back. It was one of the opening gates for the trade in South India. British people also exercised the trade from this port. Besides, British forces also developed it as a naval base. However, after the independence, the fast industrialization and development of infrastructures and other mode of transportation in the city, it became one of the busiest ports of India.

Formerly, the name of the city was ‘Madras;’ however, recently, it has been changed as Chennai. City has huge economic base comprising of computer, technology, automobile, hardware manufacturing and healthcare sectors. Surprisingly, by the end of 2012, the city is noted as the second largest exporter of Information Technology and Business Process Outsourcing services in India. Because of being the centre of various automobile industries (located in and around the city), Chennai is also popular as “Detroit of India.”

In addition, Chennai is a significant place for Carnatic music and it hosts a large numbers of cultural events such as the annual Madras Music Season (it includes performances by hundreds of artists). Further, the city has also diverse theatre scenes and is one of the most significant centres for Bharata Natyam, a world famous classical dance form of South India. Locally, known as ‘Kollywood,’ the Tamil Film Industry is pretty developed in the region that attracts thousands of youngsters every year.

Chennai Tourism

With its tropical wet and dry climate, the city is also quite popular for the tourism purpose. Beaches, religious places, parks, industries, local traditions and cultures are pretty popular for the tourists.

Major Tourists’ Attractions are:

Beaches of Chennai

Marina Beach: With 6 kms length, Marina is pretty popular for the tourists.
Elliot's Beach: it lies south of the Adyar delta.

Parks of Chennai

• Guindy National Park
• Arignar Anna Zoological Park

Religious Places in Chennai

Kapaleeshwarar Temple: It is located in Mylapore.
Parthasarathy Temple: It is located in Triplicane.
• Vadapalani Temple
St. George Church: Located in the premises of Fort St. George, it is one of the most popular churches of Chennai.
• St. Thomas Mount Church
• Santhome Basilica
• Wallajah Masjid

Museum and Art Gallery in Chennai

• Government Museum Complex: It is located in Egmore.
• National Art Gallery
• Valluvar Kottam

Amusement Parks in Chennai

• MGM Dizzee World
• VGP Universal Kingdom
• Kishkinta
• Dash N Splash water sports centre

Other Major attractions

• The Victoria Public Hall
• Chettinad Palace
• War Memorial

How to Reach??

By Road: Being one of the central places of South India, it is well linked with various road networks. The Golden Quadrilateral system of National Highway also crosses the city. National Highway 4 connects to Mumbai (via Bangalore), National Highway 5 connects to Kolkata (via Bhubaneswar), National Highway 45 connects to Theni (via Tiruchirapalli) and National Highway 205 to Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh (via Tirupati). In addition, Chennai is connected with many other parts of the state and the Union Territory of Puducherry by the network of state highways.

By Rail: The city has two main railway terminals that connect with hundreds of major and minor cities of India. Besides, the Chennai suburban railway network is one of the oldest modes of city transportation in India. Above all, the city is also constructing Rapid Transit System popular as Chennai Metro Rail.

By Air: The Chennai International Airport is one of the busiest airports of India that not only connects with the major cities of India but also connects with major cities of other countries of Asia, Europe, Africa, America etc.

By Sea: By virtue of being a port city, Chennai can also be reached via sea route.