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Gaya City

Country: India
Location: South West Bihar
Population: 463,460
Language: Magahi, Hindi, English
Known for: Buddhist & Jain Religions
Nearby Cities: Bodh Gaya, Rajgir, Patna, Ranchi, Hazaribagh

Located at the distance of about 100 kms south-west of state capital city Patna, Gaya is the second largest city of Bihar. The city is surrounded by rocky hills from three sides and fourth side, Phalgu River flows. City has stunning surroundings with historical buildings.

Centuries old historical city Gaya is one of the popular internationally known religious cities of India. It is the centre of Buddhism, Jain and Hindu religions. For Buddhists, Gaya is the most significant pilgrimage centre because there is a place Bodh Gaya where Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment; besides, there is also Brahmayoni hill where Buddha preached Adittapariyaya Sutra (Fire Sermon) to thousands of people; surprisingly, all listening to Buddha, all attained enlightenment. Because of this reason the respective hill has became popular as Gayasisa.

Gaya is also significant for the Hindu Religion as well; as per the scripture, Lord Rama along with his wife Sita came this place to exercise the ritual of ‘pitripaksha’ (pindadanam). Since, that time, it became the ritual sacred place to perform the pindadanam. It is performed for the salvation of the souls of ancestors.

In addition, other scared places of Gaya are the Ghats of Falgu River and the temples located nearby the ghats. The most important temple is Vishnupad Temple; most probably, it is the place through which Lord Vishnu walk. Footprint of Lord Vishnu is marked onto the block of basalt. Other important temple is Mangla Gauri Temple dedicated to the ‘Sati’ first wife of Lord Shiva. Besides, the pipal trees and the Banyan trees are also equally important here.

Tourists’ Attractions in Gaya

Basically, Gaya is a religious place where you can get dozens of religious centres of Buddhist and as well as Hindu; important of them are:

• Mahabodhi Temple
• Bodhi Tree
• Great Buddha Statue
• Vishunpad Temple
• Mangla Gauri Temple
• Akshayabat
• Brahmayoni Temple
• Barabar Caves
• Surya Kund
• Muchalinda Sarover
• Chinese Temple
• Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple
• Royal Bhutan Monastery
• Cankamama
• Dungeshwari Hills

How to Reach??

By Road: Gaya is well linked with the roads; hence, you can catch bus from Patna to reach Gaya. It is about 100 kms from Patna and bus takes about 4 hours. However, you can also hire private vehicle including car and other small vehicles.

By Train: Gaya Junction is the big Railway Station, which is linked with various major cities of India including Delhi, Howrah, Mumbai, Bangalore, Patna etc.

By Air: Surprisingly, Gaya has international airport, the only operating international airport in that region that connects to Sri Lanka via Thailand, Singapore and Bhutan.

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