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Gwalior City

Facts at Glance

Country: India
State: Madhya Pradesh
Location: Northern part of Madhya Pradesh
Altitude: 196 meter
Area: 362 km2
Population: 1,053,505
Languages: Hindi and English
Known for: Gwalior Fort and Traditional Music
Nearby Cities: Jhansi, Agra

Located in the northern part of the state, Gwalior is the fourth largest city of Madhya Pradesh. The city evidenced series of northern Indian Kingdoms. So, it has many historic architectures and monuments that fascinate people. In addition, the local culture and tradition along with the music (i.e. Gwalior Gharana), the city is also popular as tourist capital of Madhya Pradesh.

As per the evolution of the city, it is divided into two parts – the first one is the Old city established by the Kingdoms and rulers of that time and second one is the New Gwalior city. The Old Gwalior is located at the eastern base of the rock and known as Hazira; it is the main centre for Gwalior tourism. The major attractions are centuries old architectures and various natural landscapes.

Historically, Gwalior was the capital of Madhya Bharat; but after the formation of Madhya Pradesh state, the capital city is shifted to Bhopal. The city Gwalior is largely known for the various forts (constructed by the different kingdoms who ruled the region) and local traditions. In addition, the city is also popular because of having ample of educational institutions; the significant of them are:

• Atal Bihari Vajpayee - Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management
• Scindia School
• Madhav Institute of Technology and Science
• Laxmibai National Institute of Physical Education
• Maharaja Maan Singh Tomar music and Arts University
• Rajmata Vijyarahe Scindia Agriculture University
• Jiwaji University
• Laxmibai National University of Physical Education
• Indian Institute of Travel and Tourism Management

Gwalior Tourism

Popular as the tourists’ capital, Gwalior is the famous city for tourism. You can see here historical architecture and traditional culture residing among the modern infrastructure.

Major tourists’ attractions of the city are:

• Gwalior Fort: Located at the centre of the city, Gwalior Fort is a huge structure that more popularly known as ‘the Gibraltar of India.’ The architect of the fort is very much unique; it illustrates a Chinese influence on Indian architecture. The Chinese dragons have been crafted at the hilt of the pillars. Probably, it was the sign of trade relation between India and China at that time. The Mughal Emperor Babur apparently described it as "the pearl in the necklace of the forts of Hind".

• Gujari Mahal: Located within the premises of Gwalior Fort, it is a beautiful medieval architecture. It is the monument that illustrates the love of Raja Mansingh Tomar for his heroic Gujar Queen, Mrignayani. However, the internal structure of the structure is now transformed into an Archaeological Museum. You can see here rare antiquities items.

• Sas – Bahu Temple: Built with very artistic architecture, it is 9th century old temple. The temple is dedicated to Shashtra Bahu or Lord Vishnu. Because of its exceptional architecture, it is not only visited by devotees but also by many tourists.

• Teli Ka Mandir (Telangana Mandir): Located in the premises of Gwalior Fort, it is 100 feet lofty structure. It is one of the most attractive structures in the region.

• Gwalior Zoo (Gandhi zoological Park): The zoological park has varieties of wildlife that fascinates not only children but also alders.

• Sarod Ghar: This is the museum of Music which has been founded in the old ancestral house of the legendary Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan. You can see here the ancient musical instruments. Besides, you can also see here various collections of photographs and documents.

• Jain Rock-cut Sculptures: It is unique discovery in the city Gwalior; there is a series of caves or rock-cut sculptures.
• Gurudwara: It is a huge, marble and glass decorated beautiful Gurudwara built in the memory of the sixth Sikh Guru Har Gobind.
• Sun Temple Gwalior: It is the replica of Original Konark Temple of Orissa. Dedicated to god Sun, it is built by Birla group. It is a popular attraction in Gwalior.
• Jai Vilas Mahal: Located in the centre of the city, formerly, it was the residential palace; now it is transformed as museum. The palace has distinguished collections of antique items.

• Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai: It is the burial place of the great freedom fighter and warrior queen of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmibai.
• Gopachal Parvat: Located at the mountainous terrain on the slope of Gwalior Fort, it is huge measuring 47 feet high sculpture of Jain Tirthankara, Lord Parshvanath. He is shown seated on Lotus which is carved out on single stone.
• Tansen's Tomb: Tansen was one of the nine gems of Mughal Emperor Akbar and the great musician; he was the native of Gwalior city.
• Maharaj Bada: It is the biggest and most popular market of Gwalior.

Other significant attractions for the tourists are:

• Chatrri's of Scindias
• Municipality Museum
• Shyam Vatika
• Gaus Mohammad tomb
• Roop Singh Stadium
• Gwalior Zoo
• Tighra Dam
• Gwalior Trade Fair
• Modern 5D
• City Mall

How to Reach??

By Road: The city Gwalior is well connected with dense road network. In addition, the proposed North-South-Corridor of the Golden-Quadrilateral Highway project will pass through the city Gwalior. National Highway 3 that runs between Agra and Mumbai passes through Gwalior. National Highway 75 connects the city with Jhansi. Above all, various private and state roadways buses run frequently for the cities Bhopal, Agra, Jhansi, Bhind, Jaipur, Delhi, Jabalpur, Morena, Dholpur, Etawah, Datia, and Indore.

By Rail: Gwalior is a major railway station; dozens of train pass through it. Many trains also run between Gwalior and other major cities of India. You can book your train ticket from any major and various other minor cities of India including Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Agra, Indore, Bangalore, Chennai etc.

By Air: Gwalior has also local airport, which is mainly the base for Indian Air Force.