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Mandu City

Facts at a Glance

Country: India
State: Madhya Pradesh
Location: South West of Madhya Pradesh
District: Dhar
Population: 300,000
Language: Hindi
Known for: Forts and architecture
Nearby Cities: Indore, Mhow, Ratlam, Ujjain

Located in south western part of Madhya Pradesh, Mandu is a ruined town in Dhar District of Malwa region. The historic city is fortified town founded over a rocky outcrop and it is also known as Mandavgad. People from thousands of miles come here to see the historic town and its wonderful architecture.

Historically, it has the evidence of about 6th century but as per the archaeological and other historical evidence the town Mandu got its prominence during the period of 10th and 11th centuries under the Parmar dynasty. Later on, it was controlled by Allauddin Khilji; interestingly, he put the name of this town as “Shadiabad”, which means ‘the place of happiness or Anand Nagari. However, over period of time, Mughal Empire, Marathas and then British took the command of the region.

Mandu Tourism

The historic walled city has various sites including Mosques, Jain temples, Palaces etc largely built between 10th century and 15th century; however, the major tourism attractions are:

• Jama Masjid: One of the most remarkable structures of the region is very popular because of its Pashtun architecture.

• Centuries old Darwazas (Gates): Mandu was a fortified town which had 12 magnificent gates.

• Jahaz Mehal (Mehal Palace): As name suggests, it has been superbly built between two artificial lakes. Because of its appearance that looks like floating in the water it was named Jehaz Mehal. Constructed of marble by Ghiyas-ud-din-Khilji, this two storey building had been used as harem for the sultan.

• Hindola Mahal: Built during the third decade of 15th century, Hindola Mahal has wonderful landscape. In fact, it was named as Hindola Mahal because of its slopping side walls. Primarily, it was the part of royal palace complex and used as audience chamber.

• Hoshang Shah's Tomb: Beautifully architected, the marble structure is the perfect example of Afghan architecture. The significant features are its intricate marble lattice work, fascinating proportioned dome and portico courts along with towers.

• Baz Bahadur's Palace: Built in large area, it is a 16th century Palace built by Baz Bahadur. Today, it has beautiful landscape where you can enjoy peace and tranquillity.

• Roopmati's Pavilion: Memorizing the love story of Baaz Bahadur and Rani Roopmati, Roopmati’s Pavilion is a sandstone structure built in a large area. It is located in the proximity of Narmada River that adds additional beauty to the historic structure. However, with scenic landscape, it is one of the most visited places in Mandu.

• Rewa Kund: Located in the vicinity of Roopmati’s Pavilion, Rewa Kund was originally constructed to supply water to Roopmatis’ Pavilion.

• Bagh Caves: About 4th century old, it has nine rock cut caves in series, which are pretty popular as Buddhist caves. In addition, the caves are also popular for its paintings made on similar line of Ajanta caves of Aurangabad.

How to Reach??

By Road: The small town is well connected by road with the cities of Indore, Ratlam etc. However, you can also take bus or hire private vehicle to reach mandu. It is located at the distance of about 100 kms south west from Indore city.

By Rail: The nearest railway station is Indore city from where you need to come by roadway. It is about two hours journey from Indore.

By Air: The nearest airport is Devi Ahilyabai Holkar National Airport located at the distance of about 100 kms north east in Indore city.

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