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Mumbai City

Facts at a Glance

Country: India
State:Maharashtra
Location: West of Maharashtra
Altitude: 14 metres
Population: 18,414,290
Language: Marathi
Known for: Financial Capital of India
Nearby Cities:Pune, Nashik

Located at the western coast of India, Mumbai is the capital city of state Maharashtra. With the population of about 20.5 million, Mumbai is the highest populated city of India and one of the most populated cities in the world. By virtue of being the richest city and financial centre of India, Mumbai is also categorized as “Alpha World City’ for the year 2009.

Situated on the western coast, primarily, the city has seven islands that collectively constituted the city Mumbai. And, people of the region had fishing as their prime occupation. So, there was a fishing colony; but later on Portuguese and then British came here to start trade. It has deep natural harbour that facilitates the region to develop as a port city; over period of time, the trade has grown exponentially; resultantly, Mumbai port became one of the biggest and busiest ports of India. Interestingly, today, the city is the commercial, financial and entertainment capital of India.

Initially, the name of city was Bomaby, which has been changed as ‘Mumbai’ during the year 1996. The word Mumbai is actually taken from the name of ‘Mumbadevi’, the famous Koli Goddesss. It is a Marathi word and its meaning is ‘Aai’ or in English ‘Mother’.

Moreover, the city Mumbai homes the head offices of various financial institutions including Reserve Bank of India, the National Stock Exchange of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, Security Exchange Board of India. The city has also the headquarters of important scientific research centre such as BARC, NPCL, TIFR, IREL, AECI, AERB, Atomic Energy Department and many more. The story not ends here rather the city is also the centre of various Indian and foreign companies along with the head offices of most of the nationalized and private banks. Last but not the least, the most interesting part of Mumbai is the film industry i.e. ‘Bollywood’, there are millions of people in India who know Mumbai only because of the film industry. It is the dream place for thousands of youngsters. Every year, hundreds of youngsters come here with the dream to become an actor and star of Bollywood.

Interestingly, business opportunities in Mumbai along with its potential to tender a higher standard of living attract the people from all regions of India; likewise, you experience the city Mumbai as a popular melting pot of many communities and cultures.

Mumbai Tourism

By virtue of its geographical location, being a financial capital and largest film centre of India, Mumbai is a mesmerizing city that fascinates millions of tourists every year. There are hundreds of sites in and around Mumbai city ranging from the natural landscapes Elephanta Caves to hi-tech city centre Nariman Point; beautiful beaches to various hill stations; popular religious places to film city Bollywood and modern nightlife centres and many more. In addition, the architecture of the city is a beautiful blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco along with the modern sky touching buildings. Most of the buildings those had been built during the British period, such as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Victoria Terminus and Bombay University illustrate the Gothic Revival style.

Religious Places

• Haji Ali Dargah: Located in wonderful surroundings, 500 yards Off coast in the Arabian Sea, Haji Ali Dargah is one of the most popular religious places. It is the shrine where people of all religions visit.

• Mahalaxmi Temple: One of the most adorned and ornamented temples Mahalaxmi Temple is dedicated to Goddesses Mahalakshmi, Mahakali and Mahasarawathi. The idols of all goddesses are adorned very beautifully. It is must visit temple in Mumbai.

• Mumbadevi Temple: Mumbadevi Temple is one of the most visited and significant temples in Mumbai. City name ‘Mumbai’ is in fact taken from the goddess name Mumbadevi.

• Siddhivinayak Temple: One of the most popular temples, Siddhivinayak Temple is must visit temple in Mumbai.

• ISKCON Temple: Also popular with the name Radha-Krishna Temple is the temple dedicated to Lord Sri Krishna. Built and maintained by International Society of Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), it is one the forty ISKCON temples of India.

• Mount Mary Church: Constructed in the year 1640, it is also popular as ‘The Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount’. It is a Roman Catholic Church located in Bandra suburb.

• St Michael’s Church: Located nearby Mahim Fort, it is a 16th century church of Mumbai. Interestingly, the church is wonderfully decorated during the Christmas time every year.

Popular Tourists’ Attractions in Mumbai
• Gateway of India: Built to honour the King George V and Queen Mary, Gateway of India is the most popular monument of Mumbai. Most of the tourists who tour Mumbai visit this place.
• Town Hall: Located in the area of South Mumbai, it is popular imperial structure. The monument Town Hall is famous for its old wooden floor, spiral staircases, beautiful, marble statues of late benefactors, iron loggias.
• Nariman Point: Located on the sea coast, Nariman Point is popular business centre of Mumbai. The place is named after the name of famous corporate Khursheed Framji Nariman.
• Churchgate: Located nearby the Churchgate Railway Station, Churchgate is the popular business district.
• Film City: Most of the Indians know Mumbai as ‘Film City’. The city homes one of the largest film producing centres of the world ‘Bollywood’.
• Rajabai Tower: Located in the premises of Mumbai University, it is a clock tower measuring about 85 metres high.
• Malabar Hill: One of the most stunning residential areas, Malabar Hill has very scenic landscapes. In addition, it has temples, Kamala Nehru Park and the most popular Hanging Gardens.
• Mahalaxmi Racecourse: It is popular cocktail party stallions; the place is pretty popular for high class society events.
• Prithvi Theatre: Inaugurated by Prithivi Raj Kapoor in the year 1944, it is one of the oldest theatres of Mumbai. In addition, it is now popular as Shri Prithviraj Kapoor Memorial Trust & Research Foundation.
• Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: Built in famous Victorian Gothic style of Architecture, it is wonderful structure to visit.
• Banganga Tank: Located in the premises of Malabar Hill, it is a popular tourists’ point in Mumbai.
• Bombay High Court: Designed by Col. J.A. Fuller, it is amazing structure built during the decades of 1860s and 70s.
• Bandra Worli Sea Link Road: Officially known as ‘Rajiv Gandhi Sealink’ is a mesmerizing bridge that connects Bandra and Worli.

Museums in Mumbai

• Victoria & Albert Museum: Built in the year 1872, it is the oldest museum of Mumbai. Popular as Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum, you can see here various archaeological relics.
• Prince of Wales Museum: Designed by George Witter, Prince of Wales Museum is great model of British and Indian architecture.
• Nehru Planetarium: Designed by the eminent Indian architecture J.M. Kadri in cylindrical shape, Nehru Planetarium is a wonderful place adorned with gallery, library, cultural centre and restaurant.
• National Gallery of Modern Art: It is quite fascinating gallery in Mumbai that portray the contemporary Indian art.
• The Gandhi Museum: Also popular as Mani Bhavan, it is a rich memoir of Mahatma Gandhi.

Amusement Parks in Mumbai

• Essel World: Located on Gorai Island in Borivali, it is the largest theme park in India. It is one of the hottest tourists’ destinations in Mumbai where you will get a complete entertainment package.
• Fantasy Land Mumbai: Located at Jogeshwari Vikhroli Link Road, it is a wonderful landscape especially for the children. However, you can find here varieties of international rides and games.
• Water Kingdom: Located in Gorai beside Essel World, Water Kingdom is the largest them water park in Asia. Interestingly, you can enjoy here various games including wavepool, water games, thrilling slides and many more.
• Shangrila Waterpark: Located beside the Mumbai Nashik Highway, it is picturesque landscape. You can enjoy here lots of games and amusements with all your family members. However, it is a wonderful place for your kids.

Beaches in Mumbai

• Marine Drive Beach Mumbai
• Chowpatty Beach Mumbai
• Juhu Beach Mumbai
• Versova Beach Mumbai
• Madh Island Beach Mumbai

Tourists’ Attractions nearby Mumbai

• Elephanta Cave: Located at the distance of about 11 kms from Mumbai on Elephanta Island, it is a wonderful attraction. You can enjoy here the historic stunning sculptures, carvings, and a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
• Kanheri Caves: Located at the distance of about 42 kms from Mumbai in a picturesque landscape. This historic place has surprisingly more than 100 caves, which architectures are considered as one of the fines models of India.
• Bassein: Located at the distance of about 77 kms from Mumbai, it is a fantastic historic place. You can see here the historic structure along with natural landscape.
• Khandala & Lonavala: Located at the distance of about 103 kms from Mumbai in Sahyadri Range (popularly known as Western Ghats), Khandala & Lonavala are the popular hill stations. Because of their natural beauty, these hill stations are more popularly known as ‘Jewel of Sahyadri’. The major attractions are greenery, hills, valleys, milky waterfalls and many more.
• Marve Beach: Located at the distance of about 40 kms from Mumbai, it is a beautiful beach in rural surroundings. Besides, you can also enjoy here Manori Beach and Gorai Beach.
• Mandwa: Located at the distance of about 10 kms from Mumbai, it is wonderful natural landscape. Lush with coconut trees, you can enjoy here sightseeing; besides, there is also another natural landscape i.e. Kihim, it is also equally important.
• Matheran: Located in Alibagh District of Maharashtra, it is 800 m high green hill station. You can enjoy your holiday in a natural landscape.

Lakes in Mumbai

• Powai Lake: Built in 1890 by British, it has wonderful surroundings. The lake is located in Northern Suburb of Mumbai.
• Vihar Lake: It is the largest lake in Mumbai located nearby Sanjay Gandhi National Park.
• Tulsi Lake: It is neat and clean lagoon that known for its scenic landscape.

Where to Shop in Mumbai?

• R- Mall: It is located at Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg Mulund.
• Inorbit Shopping Mall: It is located at Mindspace, New Link Road, Malad.
• Atria Mall: It is located nearby Royal Garden, Dr. Annie Beasant Road, Worli.
• Hypercity Mall: It is located nearby Link Road, Malad.
• Crossroads Mall: It is located nearby Royal Garden, Dr. Annie Beasant Road, Worli.
• Phoenix Mall: It is located nearby Senpapati Bapat Marg, Lower Parel.
• City Mall: Located beside Link Road, Andheri West, it is central Air-Conditioned Shopping Mall.
• Sunrays Shopping Centre: It is located nearby Charkop Main Market, Kandivali.
• V Mall: It is located beside Western Express Highway in Kandivali.
• Huma Mall: It is located at L.B.S. Marg, Kanjurmarg.

How to Reach??

• By Road: Mumbai is the financial centre and city of entertainment hence it has very dense road network; however, major National Highways that pass through Mumbai are NH 3, NH 4, NH 8, NH17 and NH 222. Besides, the Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway system constructed in India ever. Furthermore, the internal roadways networks are also pretty dense and as well as advanced such as Bandra-Worli Sea Link Bridge, Mahim Causeway, Sion Panvel Expressway, Eastern Express Highway etc.

• By Rail: Mumbai is well connected with most parts of India by dozens of train. Mumbai has more than half dozen major railway stations important of them are Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Central, Andheri, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Dadar, Bandra Terminus, and Borivali. Likewise, all these stations connect Mumbai with most parts of the country India.

• By Air: The city Mumbai has Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport; it is the second busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic. The city is connected not only with major cities of India but also with the major cities of the world.

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