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New Delhi City

Facts at a Glance

Country: India
State: Delhi
Location: North India
Altitude: 216 metres
Population: 22,104,70
Language: Hindi, Punjabi
Known for: National Capital & Heritage Centre
Nearby Cities: Jaipur, Agra, Meerut, Mathura

Located in the northern part of India, New Delhi as the National Capital of India is one of the most visited historical cities that attracts millions of tourists from all over the world every year. The historic city Delhi is in fact categorized into two parts namely Old Delhi and New Delhi. Likewise, most of the historical sites are located in Old Delhi and the new developments can be seen in New Delhi. However, there are has various historical sites, monuments, and traditional markets along with hi-tech infrastructure, shopping malls and several other attractions. So, Delhi is the perfect model that illustrates the ideal blend of the historical sites and modern technological advancement.

Though, the city is an historical place and it has been considered as one of the seven old cities of India; it is also mentioned in the scripture Mahabharta that the Pandva’s Indraprastha city was actually Delhi. However, Old city Delhi is founded and made it as political centre by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. When the British came India, the capital of India was Kolkata but in the year 1911, on the eve of Delhi Durbar, George V and Queen Mary came India and made announcement to shift the capital from Kolkata to Delhi.

Located on the bank of River Yamuna, New Delhi is more popular as ‘Microcosm of India’; it is one of the top cities of the world. The city is centre of administration, commerce, education, finance, arts & culture, professional services, fashion, research & development, entertainment, healthcare, media and tourism. The Delhi is 2nd most populous city of India and 7th biggest urban agglomeration in the world.

As per the survey report published by the World Cities Study Group at Loughborough University rated New Delhi as an "alpha- world city". And, as per the report published by the Institute for Competitiveness and Confederation of Indian Industry, Delhi is the best city to live in India. Above all, The National Geographic's Traveler Magazine expresses Delhi city as "one of the Ultimate Cities of a Lifetime to visit and explore."

Furthermore, Delhi city is one the most greenery cities of India; lush with greenery and dozens of well planned parks in every locality made the entire city as panoramic landscape and pollution free tourist centre. In addition, nearby Delhi city, there are also several tourists’ places; important of them are Agra and Jaipur; all these three cities together known as “Golden Triangle” tourist’s destinations of North India.

Delhi Tourism

New Delhi Tourism has range of tourists’ attractions that fascinate all class of people coming for Delhi tour. It has historic heritage, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, monuments, forts, temples, parks, modern buildings, traditional markets, shopping malls and many more. So, the national capital New Delhi attracts millions of tourists every year.

Major Tourist Destinations in Delhi are categorized as:

Historic Sites

• Qutab Minar: Located in the south Delhi at a small village Mehrauli, Qutub Minar is an historic monument built during the year 1206 by Qutub-ud-din Aibek. The height of stunning Minar is more than 70 meters. You can reach here by bus (available from New Delhi Railway station, Nizamuddin Railway Station, Kashmiri Gate ISBT), Metro and you can also hire private cab easily available round the clock.

• Tughlaqabad Fort: Built by Tughlaq Dynasty emperor Ghazi Malik in the year 1321, it is a huge historic fort. However, at present, most of the part is ruined. The fort is located in the area of Tughlaqabad where you can reach easily by bus and private cab.

Mughal Monuments

• Humayun’s Tomb: Built by Hamida Banu Begum, Wife of Mughal Emperor Humayun, it is one of the most visited World Heritage sites in Delhi. The tomb was architected by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas during the year 1562. Located in the south part of Delhi, you can reach here by bus and private cab.

• Old Fort: More popular as Purana Quila is an historic monument built by Humayun and later on renovated by Sher Shah Suri. However, it is believed that the structure is primarily built by Pandavas and Humayun renovated it. You can also see here Qal’a-I-Kunha Masjid and in the premises, there is also a lake where you can enjoy boating.

• Red Fort: Built in the year 1639 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Red Fort is one of the most visited forts of India. The fort is beautifully designed and now it is a legendary place of city where Prime Minister hoists flag on the eve of Independence Day every year. Besides, inside the fort, you can see different structures, museum and a small market. Located along the River Yamuna Bank Lal Qila (Red Fort) can be reached easily from Indira Gandhi Internaitonal Airport, New Delhi Railway Station, Nizamuddin Railway Station and Kashmiri Gate by bus, metro and private cab.

• Salimgarh Fort: Constructed in the year 1546, it is one of the most important forts of Delhi. Though, primarily it was built on an island of Yamuna River; now it is part of Red Fort Complex.

• Safdarjung Tomb: Located in the south Delhi, it is a garden tomb.

Religious Places

• Akshardham Temple: Built in the year 2005 in an area of 100 acre, Akshardham Temple is the largest Hindu Temple in the world. Located in the south-east Delhi on the bank of Yamuna River, it is wonderful religious site; you can enjoy here beautiful garden, mesmerizing musical fountain, high-technology IMAX theatre and many more. Akshardham Temple can be easily reached by Metro, bus or by cab.

• ISKCON Temple: Located in the southern part of Delhi, ISKCON Temple is very famous temple dedicated to Sri Radha Krishna. It is also popular as Hare Krishna temple. ISKCON Temple has several temples across the world.

• Chhatarpur Temple: Located in south part of Delhi in Mehrauli, it is one of the most important and largest temples of Delhi. Though, you can see here many gods and goddesses but the temple is dedicated to Goddess Katyayani (one of the faces of Goddess Durga). The temple can be easily reached by metro; however, you can also take bus or cab to reach this temple.

• Laxminarayan Temple: Located in the central part of Delhi nearby Connaught Place, it is pretty popular temple of Delhi. Built by B.R. Birla between 1933 and 1939, it is also popular as Birla Mandir. Interestingly, it had been inaugurated by national father Mahatma Gandhi.

• Lotus Temple: Located in the south part of Delhi, it is also popular as Bahá'í House of Worship. The amazing temple is given the shape of lotus flower that fascinates most of the tourists coming for Delhi tour.

• Gurdwara Bangla Sahib: Located in the central part of Delhi nearby Connaught Place, it is the most visited gurudwara of Delhi. Architected beautifully, Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is visited by millions of tourists coming from different regions of the world every year.

• Cathedral Church of Redemption: Built during the 1930s, it is the most popular churches of Delhi. Designed by Henry Medd, it is a beautiful and peaceful place that remains cool even during the summer season. The church is located nearby the Parliament House of India.

• Jama Masjid: Located in front of Red Fort, Jama Masjid is the most popular and the largest mosque of Delhi. It is built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the year 1656.

British Delhi

• India Gate: Located at the heart of city New Delhi, India Gate is a huge gate like structure constructed to honour the Indian Soldiers who died during Afghan War and the World War I. You can read the names of the soldiers who died in the wars here. The place remains very important on the eve of Republic Day (26 January) every year; President of India hoists flag here and different cultural programs are also shown on 26 January. However, the huge green lawn is pretty popular for the tourists as well as natives; many people enjoy their evening (especially weekend evening) with their family members.

• Parliament House: Designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker during the year 1912-13, it is the central governance place of India. However, to visit this wonderful place, you need to take prior permission.

• Rashtrapati Bhawan: Primarily built for the Governor General of India, now it is a huge residence of President of India. The huge President Palace is additionally adorned by the beautiful ‘Mughal Garden’; however, the Mughal Garden opens for public only for a month (around February-March) in a year.

• Lodhi Garden: Located in the south Delhi, it is a beautiful garden. You can also see various centuries old monuments in the garden premises. Primarily, popular with the name ‘Lady Willingdon Park’, now it is park-cum heritage site.

Other Tourists’ Attractions in Delhi

• Raj Ghat: Located at the bank of Yamuna nearby Red Fort in the east part of Delhi, it is the shrine and resting place of Mahatma Gandhi the ‘Father of Nation’. Raj Ghat is one of the must visit places in Delhi.

• National Museum, New Delhi: With having articles of pre-historic era to modern artistic works, National Museum of New Delhi is one of the largest Museums of India. It is located along the road of Maulana Azad nearby Janpath.

• Nizamuddin Dargah: It is the Mausoleum of the popular Sufi Saint Nizamuddin Auliya.

• Jantar Mantar: Built by Maharaja Jai Sigh II, it is the astronomy instruments centre. It is located nearby the Connaught Place.
• Kalkaji Temple: Located in South Delhi, it is pretty popular temple in Delhi.
• Shanti Van
• St. James’ Church
• Mughal Garden
• Archaeological Museum
• Crafts Museum
• Gandhi Museum
• National Museum of Natural History
• National Rail Museum
• Dolls Museum

Where to Shop in Delhi

Traditional markets in Delhi

• Chandni Chowk
• Meena Bazar
• Sarojini Nagar Market
• Lajpat Nagar Market
• Connaught Place
• South Extension
• Janpath
• Kamla Nagar Market
• Karol Bagh
• Khan Market
• Vasant Kunj
• Dilli Haat

Modern Shopping Malls in Delhi

• Ansal Plaza (Hudco Place)
• Select Citywalk (Saket)
• Cross River Mall (Shahdara)
• North Square Mall (Pitampura)
• TDI Mall (Rajouri Garden)
• Metro Walk Mall (Rohini)

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