Home:: City of India::   Rajgir City

Rajgir City

Facts at a Glance

Country: India
State: Bihar
Location: South Bihar
District: Nalanda
Altitude: 73 m
Language: Maithili, Hindi
Known for: Buddhism Centre
Nearby Cities: Gaya, Patna

Located in the south part of the state in Nalanda District of Bihar, Rajgir is pretty popular tourists’ religious centre of India. It is one of the oldest cities of India that primarily served as first capital of the Magadha Kingdom.

Furthermore, the city became point of attraction because of being the favourite place of Gautama Buddha and hence it became the centre of Buddhism. Buddha’s conference more popularly known as “Atanatiya” was held at the famous vulture’s Peak in Rajgir.

Historically, being the first capital of Magadha Empire during the period of about 5th century BC, it was the centre of ancient governance. However, later on, Ajatashatru shifted the capital from Rajgir to Patliputra. Interestingly, the name ‘Rajgir’ is derived from the word ‘Rajag?iha’ meaning “house of the king” or "royal house". Besides, the word has also another literal meaning i.e. “Royal Mountain”.

Above all, Rajgir is also mentioned in Buddhist and Jain scriptures where you can get several other places names as well. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrims especially Fxian and Xuanzang also mentioned about it in his works.

Geographically, located in hilly regions, it has wonderful weather. There are seven hills all around the city Rajgir namely Vaibhara, Ratna, Sona, Saila, Udaya, Vipula and Chhatha. Other attractions are water pond; people say that the warm water of this pond has medicinal properties and it is helpful in curing many skin deceases.

Tourists’ Attractions in Rajgir

By virtue of being the Buddhist centre, Rajgir is a popular pilgrimage site. Besides, there are various other attractions in Rajgir that fascinates tourists coming from various parts of India as well as from abroad.

Major Tourists’ Attractions

• Shanti Stupa: Located at the top of the hill that measuring about 400 meters high, the Shanti Stupa is built of marble. The statue of Buddha is established on the four corners of the structure. However, this place is popularly known as Griddh Koot. Interestingly, you can reach here by walking or you can also go by ropeway.

• The Saptparni Cave: It is the popular Hot Water Springs in Rajgir; it has curative properties. Saptparni Cave is important centre for Buddhists, Hindus and Jains.

• Brahmakund: It is a sacred warm water pond.

• Rope Way: It is pretty exciting experience for most of the tourists coming here; it brings tourists to the Vishwa Shanti Stupa located on the top of the hill.

• Makhdoom Kund & Monasteries: Located on the top of the Rajgir hill, Makhdoom Kund is built by Japanese devotees.

• Jarashand ka Akhara: It entails the story of Mahabharta where Bhima and Jarasandh fought.

• Ajatshatru Fort: Built during the period of 6th century BC by Ajatshatru, it is one of the ancient sites in Rajgir.

• Cyclopean Wall: It is ancient and unique wall of Rajgir that encircled city Rajgir during the ancient period. It is constructed of massive stones which are fitted masterly one after another. Archaeologically it is pretty important Pre-Maurayan stone structure that fascinates various tourists including researchers and other historians and archaeologists.

• Venu Vana: Built by King Bimbisara as residence of Lord Buddha, Venu Vana is popular tourists’ attraction.

• Jain Temple: Located on the top of the hill, the Jain Temple complex is Jain’s shrine.

• Veerayatan: It is Jain Temple as well as Museum.

• Bimbisar Jail: Bimbisar was the first established king and his son Ajatashatru made him captive (his father Bimbisar) at this place. Later on Bimbisar wish to be incarcerated here because he can see Lord Buddha climbing up to this mountain.

• Pippala Cave: Located on the Vaibhava Hill, it is a rectangular stone that has been surprisingly sculpted by the force of nature; it appears similar to watch tower. However, locally it is also known as “Jarasandh ki Baithak”.

• Swarn Bhandar: As per the mythology, it is gold store house of Kind Jarashandha.

• Jivakameavan Gardens: With its scenic landscape, in the past, it was the seat of the Royal Physician’s dispensary. It is believed that Lord Buddha was also treated here once.

How to Reach??

By Road: Located merely at the distance of 12 kms from Gaya and about 100 kms from state capital Patna, Rajgir is well connected with road. The frequency of buses is pretty high; however, you can also hire private vehicle to reach Rajgir either from Nalanda or Patna.

By Rail: There is also a Rajgir Railway Station which is linked with other major station of Bihar. Interestingly, it is also connected with the national capital city New Delhi.

By Air: Located at the distance of about 100 kms from Rajgir, Patna airport is the nearest aiport.

More Cities