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Thanjavur City

Facts at a Glance

Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
Location: East Tamil Nadu
District: Thanjavur
Altitude: 88 m
Population: 222,620
Language: Tamil
Known For: UNESCO World Heritage Monuments
Nearby Cities: Puducherry, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai

Located in the eastern part of Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur is one of the most popular cities of Tamil Nadu. Earlier popular as ‘Tanjore’, Thanjavur is the centre of UNESCO World Heritage Monuments.

Most probably, the name ‘Thanjavur’ has been derived from “Tanjan”, who was a legendary asura (demon) in Hindu mythology. However, the past of the city is not much known until the arrival of Cholas during the medieval period. During the Chola period, Thanjavur served as its capital. Over period of time, the city had been ruled by various dynasties including Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and the British accordingly.

Tourists’ Attractions in Thanjavur

Known largely for the art and architecture, the historic city Thanjavur is pretty popular tourists’ point in South India. You can see here various Chola Temples and Monuments. Surprisingly, the Great Living Chola Temples are the enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Monuments. In addition, the painting of the city is equally important and known for its unique style. Above all, the region is also economically significant because of having fertile lands; more often, it is called as ‘rice bowl of Tamil Nadu’.

Major Tourists’ Attractions in Thanjavur

• Sri Brihadeswara Temple: Built by the Chola King Rajaraja I during the period of 10th century, Sri Brihadeswara Temple is the most popular temple and UNESCO World Heritage Monument in the region. It is known for its art and architecture.

• The Palace: Foundation kept of Nayaks during the period of 1550 AD, the Palace had been finally constructed through several decades; finally, it was completed by Marathas.

• Art Gallery: Established in the Thanjavur Palace; the Art Gallery is the repository of historical objects. You can see here the glorious and precious Granite and Bronze statues of the Chola period.

• Royal Museum: Located in the premises of Thanjavur Palace Complex, it is the storehouse of various collections including manuscripts, weapons, musical instruments, utensils and even clothing of Royal family.

• Saraswati Mahal Library: Located in the Tanjore Palace, Saraswati Library is the storehouse of manuscripts belonging to different rulers of South India; it has more than 30,000 palm-leaves and other paper manuscripts written in Indian and European languages.

• Hall of Music: Known as ideal acoustic and performance stage, the Hall of Music is established in Tanjore Palace only.

• Schwartz Church: Built by Rajah Serfoji in the year 1779 AD, Schwartz Church is also located in the Thanjavur Palace Complex.

• Siva Ganga Tank: The historic tank, Siva Ganga Tank is the source of sweet water and still in use by the people of Tanjore Palace.

• Rajarajan Mani Mandapam: Constructed for the purpose of conference, it is modern construction in Tanjore. Its design and inside park fascinate tourists the most.

• Mariamman Temple (Punnai Nallur): Dedicated to Goddess Mariamman, its architecture is designed so beautifully that fascinates thousands of national and international tourists.

• Sivaganga Park: Built by Chola king Rajaraja I, the park is the collection of varieties of plants, birds and animals; likewise, it is a small zoo for children in the town.

How to Reach??

By Road: With some of the important National Highways including NH 67, 45C, 226 etc, the city has well developed road network connected various major and minor cities of Tamila Nadu and with other neighbouring states. You can catch bus from Chennai, Coimbatore, Tirupur, Vellore, Erode, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Kumbakonam, Pattukkottai, Dindigul Pudukkottai, Tirunelveli, Bangalore, Ernakulam, Nagercoil, Tirupathi etc to reach Thanjavur.

By Rail: By virtue of being a significant Railway station in the region, Thanjavur is directly connected with various major cities of India. Hence, you can catch direct train for Thanjavur irrespective of your location i.e. whether you are in South India or in North India.

By Air: The nearest Airport from Thanjavur is Tiruchirapalli International Airport.

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