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Bihar

Located in the eastern part of India, Bihar is one of the oldest states of India. The historical and traditional state shares its state boundary with West Bengal in the east, Jharkhand in the south, Uttar Pradesh in west and in the north, it shares its international boundary with Nepal. The most sacred and significant river of India i.e. The Ganga flows across the state. Located at the bank of River Ganga, Patna is the capital of Bihar. Earlier it was known as ‘Patliputra’ and was serving as the capital of Magadha Empire.

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During the Ancient period, Bihar comprising of Anga, Mithila/Videha, Magadha and Vrijji was the centre of power. Not only this, it was also education centre; the oldest university Nalanda was the education centre people from other countries used to come here for their study. Various Chinese people also came for their education. In the passage of time, after the establishment of great Maurya Empire, Magadha emerged as the strongest political entity of that time. One of the world’s most widely adhered to religions i.e. Buddhism also evolved during this time. Gautama Buddha who enlighten under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya was the originator of Buddha religion. Furthermore, under the Maurya dynasty, Magadha Empire flourished at its peak and resultantly, larger part of south Asia was under the centre rule. Its capital was located at Patliputra (now Patna). Nalanda and then Vikramshila were the centres of learning. Both of them were the oldest and well known international universities. Surprisingly, Bihar also takes credit of giving the world its first democracy through Lichchivi (at present Vaishali) during the ancient period.

Bihar has generally subtropical climate; the seasons are divided as – Winter Season (November to February), Summer Season (April to June), Rainy Season (July to September) and there are two transitional seasons i.e. Autumn Season (comes between summer and winter seasons) and Spring Season (comes between winter and summer).

Bihar Tourism

With its 3,000 years old history, Bihar is one of the oldest inhabited regions in the world. Hence, it has very rich culture and traditions. On the other hand, by virtue of having oldest education centre and the birth place of Buddhism, the state evidences millions of tourists every year. Mahabodhi Temple located at Bodh Gaya is UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Attractions in Bihar

Archaeological Sites

Kumhrar: Located in Patna, Kumhrar is the ancient site.

Agam Kuan: Located in Patna, Agam Kuan is an ancient site; it is said that it belongs to Maurya Emperor Ashoka. The literal meaning of the words is "unfathomable well”.

Barabar Caves: Located in the Jehanabad District of Bihar, about 24 km north of Gaya, Barabar Caves are the oldest rock-cut caves in India. Largely dating from 322 – 185 BCE (during the Mauryan period). Some of the Ashokan inscriptions are also evidenced here.

Nalanda & Vikramsila: These two were the oldest education centres and international universities located in Bihar.

Pilgrimage Sites in Bihar

• Rajgir
• Pawapuri
• Bodh Gaya
• Nalanda
• Vikramshila
• Patliputra

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Bihar Itineraries

  • Buddhist Religious Tour(Patna, Vaishali, Nalanda, Rajgir, Bodhgaya, Varanasi, Kushinagar, Lumbini, Saravasti and Lucknow)