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Old Delhi and New Delhi

Located in the north part of India, Delhi is officially known as National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). The New Delhi is the National Capital of India. In addition, because of urban sprawl, some of the other regions including NOIDA and Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh, Gurgaon and Faridabad in Haryana etc have given the special status i.e. National Capital Region (NCR). Circular in shape, Delhi shares its boundary with Uttar Pradesh in the east and with Haryana in the west.

Historically, Delhi is known as the continuously inhabited city since the 6th century BC. Though, the city had been invaded and ransacked many times but it had been also rebuild same number of times. Interestingly, throughout its history, the region has been served as the capital of the kingdoms. Delhi is also known with the name of ‘Indraprastha’; as people say – it (Indraprastha) was the legendary capital of the Pandavas during the Mahabharata time. However, during the period of Delhi Sultanates, Delhi is emerged as major political, cultural and commercial centre. The evidences can be still seen in the form of monuments and other medieval archaeological sites.

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Furthermore, during the period of 1640s, the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan has built a new walled city in Delhi specially to serve as the capital of Mughal Empire. So, till the time of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny of 1857), it served as the capital of Mughal Empire. However, again in the year 1911, George V made it a capital city of India.

Delhi Tourism

Delhi is not only the political hub of the country but also one of the most visited tourists’ spots of India. With its rich traditions, cultures and history, it has dozens of popular sites that attract tourists from all over the world. Some of its sites like Red Fort, Qutb Minar and its Monuments and Humayun’s Tomb are the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Major Attraction of Delhi

Monuments of Delhi Sultanate Period:

Qutub Minar: Located in Mehrauli, South Delhi, it was built by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in the year 1206.

Tughlaqabad Fort: Built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Tughlaqabad is one of the most fascinating forts.

Monuments of Mughal Period:

Humayun’s Tomb: Built by Hamida Banu Begum (wife of Mughal Emperor Humayun) during the period of 1562 to 1565, Humayun’s Tomb is one of the UNESCO Heritage Sites in Delhi. Architected by a Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, it was built for Humayun.

Purana Quila (Old Fort): Built by Humayun and repaired by Sher Shah Suri, Purana Quila is a fascinating monument in Delhi.

Red Fort: Constructed by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639, Red Fort is one of the most visited monuments of Delhi.

Salimgarh Fort: It was built during the year 1546.

Chandni Chowk: The main market place of Mughal period, Chandni Chowk was the establishment of Shah Jahan.

Safdarjung’s Tomb: It is one of the marble mausoleums of Delhi.

Monuments of British Period:

India Gate: Located at the centre of Delhi Rajpath, India Gate is a memorial built after the World War I. It is built to honour all those Indian soldiers who died during the Afghan wars and World War I.

Sansad Bhavan: Designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker, it is the Parliament of India.

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Rashtrapati Bhawan: Originally built for the Governor General of India, it is the President house of Independent India.

Connaught Place: Located at the central part of Delhi, one time, it was the largest commercial centre of Delhi.

Lodhi Gardens: Earlier known with the name Lady Willingdon Park, Lodhi Garden is one of the most visited parks in Delhi. Interestingly, there are many monuments in the premises of Lodhi Gardens.

Religious Places in Delhi:

Akshardham Temple: The largest Hindu temple of the world, Akshardham Temple is newly built religious centre. It is not only beautifully architected but also used advanced technology i.e. an IMAX theatre that shows various past histories. Premises are also adorned with the musical fountains and gardens.

Laxminarayan Temple: The temple is built by B.R. Birla during the period of 1933 to 1939 to honour the Lakshmi (the Hindu Goddess of wealth) and Narayana (the Hindu God Vishnu). It is also known as Birla Mandir.

Cathedral Church of Redemption: Located in the east of Parliament House, it is one of the most visited places in Delhi.

Gurdwara Bangla Sahib: Built in elegant style, it is the most visited Gurdwara in Delhi. Millions of People visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.

ISKCON Temple: Located in south Delhi, ISKCON is a popular Vaishnava temple. The temple is also widely called as the Hare Krishna temple; the main God is Sri Radha Krishna.

Jama Masjid: Constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan during the period 1656, Jama Masjid is one of the largest and most visited mosques of India.

Lotus Temple: Located in south Delhi, Lotus Temple is built by Baha’i Community. Surprisingly, it has given exactly lotus flower shape.

St. James’ Church: It is one of the oldest churches of India.

Other Attractions in Delhi

National Museum: With having the collection of articles of pre-historic era to modern works, it is one of the largest museums in India.

Craft’s Museum: Located in the vicinity of Pragati Maidan, Craft Museum is a delightful open-air museum where you can see Indian craftsmen at work.

National Rail Museum: Located nearby Chanakyapuri, south Delhi, National Rail Museum is one of the most unique museums of India. Here you can see the oldest rail engines and other toy trains.

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Gandhi Smriti Museum: Here you can see the personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi.

National Museum of Natural History: The museum stores various species of flora and fauna.

Archaeological Museum: The museum is the great collections of articles of Mughal and British periods.

Jantar Mantar: Built by Maharaja Jai Sigh II, Jantar Mantar is an architectural astronomy centre.

Nizamuddin Dargah: It is the popular Mausoleum of Sufi Saint Nizamuddin Auliya.

Raj Ghat: Located on the bank of Yamuna River, Raj Ghat is the final resting place of Rashtrapita (National Father), Mahatma Gandhi. It is one of the must visit places in Delhi.

Shanti Vana: Located beside the Raj Ghat, Shanti Vana is the final resting place of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India.

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