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Located in the eastern part of India, Jharkhand is one of the newly developed states of India. It was earlier part of Bihar state but during the year 2000, it had been separated and become independent state of India. It shares its boundary with West Bengal to the east, Orissa to the south, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh to west and Bihar to the north. The state is very rich in terms of mineral resource and hence it has also significant industries in the cities Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad etc.

The name “Jharkhand” is a meaningful word meaning “The Land of Forest”; however, in the regional language it has different meaning – Jhar means Gold and Khand means piece; so, the meaning is “Piece of Gold”. As the meaning suggests – Land of Forest, it is really land of forest with having evergreen forests in some regions of the state. Being part of Chhota Nagpur Plateau, it has rolling hills and rocky plateaus. Among these landscapes, there are also many rivers and waterfalls that additionally enhance the beauty of the region.

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During the mid of 18th century, the region came in British’s hand but over period of time, local people especially farmers and other tribal people started revolting against the British rule. Jharkhand people made series of revolts against the British rule.

Along with the agriculture, the economy of the state is largely depend upon the various well established industries such as

• Iron and Steel Industries located in Bokaro and Jamshedpur
• Fertiliser factory located in Sindri and Dhanbad
• Explosive factory in Bokaro
• Methan Gas Plant at Bokaro

Though, religiously people are Hindu but most of the people of Jharkhand are schedule tribes and they follow animistic ‘Sarna’ religion. The religion is pretty different from the Hindu and Islam. In fact, Sarna has belief in a great spirit known as ‘Sing Bonga’. Rituals are exercised under the groves of Sal Trees known as ‘Sarna’ (locally also known as ‘Jaher’); and, the tribal people recognize themselves as living and has belief that they are doing everything in close association with these spirits.

Jharkhand Tourism

Because of having natural beauty and tribal culture, tourism in Jharkhand is quite popular. Besides, there are also other attractions such as religious places, industrial centres and various species of flora and fauna. In the recent years, tourism is emerging as one of the fastest growing Industries in the state.

Major Tourists’ Attractions in Jharkhand

Ranchi: The capital city Ranchi is the most preferred tourists’ destination in the state. Geographical location and presence of dams, lakes and lush green flora fascinate tourists most. However, major tourists’ destinations in Ranchi are Rock Garden, Tagore Hill, Ranchi Lake, Deer Park, Birsa Zoological Park, Kanke Dam, Dhurva Dam, and Pahari Mandir.

In addition, the surroundings of Ranchi has various thrilling attractions located picturesque landscapes for example Sun Temple, Tagore Hills, Netarhat, Rajrappa Falls, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Dassam Falls, Hirni Falls and many more.

Jamshedpur: Interestingly, it is first steel industry of India and popular for industrial tour; besides, the city is well planned with having various scenic landscapes. Major attractions of tourists in the city are Bhuvaneshwari temple, Kali Temple, Rankini Mandir, Dimna Lake, Hudco Lake, Bhatia Park, Russi Mody Centre of Excellence, Tata Zoological Park, Bhatia Park, Sir Dorabji Tata Park, Jubilee Park, Keenan Stadium, Narawa Pahar, Confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers, Besides, surroundings of city also have many attractions such as Musabani Dasam Falls, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Dimma Lake and Ghatshila.

Dhanbad: It is popular as the coal capital of India; major coal mine regions are Dhanbad, Jharia (Jharia is the largest high quality region of India). Because of presence of coal mines, there are also various coal mining institutes and research centre. However, major tourists’ points in the city are Kalyaneshwari Temple, Shakti Mandir, Lillori-sthan Mandir, Panchet Dam, Chark- khurd, Topchanchi, Bhatinda Falls etc.

The Steel city Bokaro: It is the largest steel complex of India and the city is well planned. It is popular for industrial tourism. Major tourists’ attractions are Gayatri Mandir, Rajappa Temples, Jagannath Temple, Kali Mandir, Ram Mandir,Noori Masjid, Bokaro Steel Plant, Garga Dam, Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park, Chas, Siwandih,

Hazaribagh: Situated on Chhota Nagpur Plateau, Hazaribagh has fascinating landscapes. Interestingly, the literal meaning of the name ‘Hazaribagh’ is ‘place of thousands gardens. The major attractions are Budhwa Mahadev Mandir, Narsingh Temple, Rajrappa Mandir, Barso Pani Cave, Hazaribagh are Canary Hills, Hazaribagh Lake, Surajkund hot spring, Jhumri Tillaya, Konar Dam.

Palamu: Located in the north part of Jharkhand is popular for Betla Wildlife National Park; however, other tourists’ attractions are Vishnu Temple, Hanuman Mandir, Kali Mandir, Surya Mandir, Old shiv Mandir, Shitla Mandir, Shani Mandir, Gaytri Mandir and Palamu Fort.

Giridih: Giridih is quite popular for tourism in Jharkhand. The major tourists’ attractions are Dukiya Mahadev Temple, Kenarinath Dham Mandir, Jharkhand Dham, Sona Pahadi, Surya Temple, Shree Kabir Gyan Mandir, Bodo Pahad or Christian hills, Usri Falls etc.

Chatra: This place of Jharkhand is known for scenic landscapes. Major attractions are, Kauleshwari Devi Temple, Bhadrakali Temple, Barura Sharif, Kolhua Hill, Kunda Cave, Tama Sin, Dumer Sumer waterfalls, Goa waterfalls, Duari waterfalls, Khaya Banaroo waterfalls, Bichkiliya waterfalls, Keridah waterfalls, Maloodah waterfalls etc.

Other Attractions

Baidyanath Dham (Shiv Temple): Located in Deoghar District of Jharkhand, it is the most sacred place for Hindu. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the place is one of the twelve jyotirlings of Hindus. Surprisingly, millions of devotees visit this shrine every year.

Parasnath hills, popular as Sri Sammeta Shikharji is also quite popular of Jain pilgrimage. It is the highest mountain of Jharkhand where 23rd Jain Tirthankar Swami Parsvanath attained salvation.

Netarhat: Located in Latehar District of Jharkhand, it is popular hill station. With having lush green, locally it is known as ‘Queen of Chhotanagpur’. People visit this place to see sunrise and sunset especially during the summer months. However, major tourists’ attractions are Lodh Falls, Sadni Falls, Upper Ghaghri Falls, Lower Ghaghri Falls, Koel View Point and Magnolia Point.

Tribal Tourism: Jharkhand is hub of tribal people; there are various groups of tribal people such as Santhals, Asurs, Khonds & Koras, Mundas, Gonds, Lohars, Birhors, Mahalis and many others. You enjoy and also learn so many things about the tribal cultures and traditions here.

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