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Located in the north-east part of India, Meghalaya is an agrarian state of India. It is interesting to share that the word ‘Meghalaya’ is derived from Sanskrit word, which means “Adobe of clouds”. It shares its state boundary with Assam from North and West; however, from the south, it shares its international boundary with Bangladesh.

Even after many years of the independence, Meghalaya was given autonomous status; under the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act of 1969 accorded an autonomous status of Meghalaya state. The Act came into effect after two years and Autonomous State Meghalaya has been created in the state of Assam. However, in the year 1972, it has been given full statehood under the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganization), Act 1971.

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Among the Meghalayan people, Khasis are the largest tribal group, which is followed by the Garos. These are the known hilly tribes because in the state there are three major hills namely Garo Hills, Khasi Hills and Jaintiya Hills. However, there are also other tribal groups such as Boro, Koch, Hajong, Dimasa, Hmar, Kuki, Lakhar, Rabha, Mikir, and Nepali.

Geographically, the state is largely covered of hills and plateau, which are largely made up of Archean rock. Interestingly, these rocks contain rich deposits of various minerals including coal, uranium, limestone and sillimanite. Major rivers of the state are Umkhri, Digaru, Umiam etc. Located at the altitude of 1961 meters, Shillong Peak; it is the prominent IAF station.

Meghalaya is the wettest place of the world, the town Cherrapunji in the Khasi Hills holds the record of having maximum rainy days in a calendar month and the village Mawsynram is having the record of maximum rain in a year. Furthermore, the state Meghalaya has also a subtropical forests eco-region.

Meghalaya Tourism

Meghalaya is one of the unique tourists’ spot in India; the state is filled with various natural beauties including scenic landscapes, diversity of flora and fauna, National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuary, Waterfall, Rivers, Lakes, Valleys and many more.

Major Attractions of Meghalaya Tourism

Shillong: Capital of the state, Shillong is a beautiful hill station. It has many attractions such as picturesque landscape, Shillong Peak (the highest peak in the state, tourists love trekking here), waterfalls and many more. Above all, it is popularly called as ‘Scotland of the East’ it is also known as ‘abode of the gods’.

Cherrapunji: A small town of Meghalaya, Cherrapunji is the world famed place. It holds the record of having the maximum rainy days in a calendar month. However, the place is known for ‘Tree Root Bridges’.

Mawlynnong:The small village of Meghalaya, Mawlynnong is one of the cleanest villages of Asia. Major attractions are Living Root Bridges, surprising rock balancing on another rock and many more.

Jakrem: Located at the distance of 64 Kms from Shillong, Jakrem is a popular health resort. There is also a popular gushing hot-spring of sulphur water.

Ranikor: Located at the distance of about 140 kms from Shillong, Ranikor is one of the most preferred tourists’ places. The major attractions are fresh water fish, plenty of carp and of course angling.

Dawki: It is located near the border of Bangladesh from where one can enjoy the scenic landscapes along with glimpse of neighbour country. Other Attractions

Diengiei Peak: Located to the west of Shillong plateau, it is one of the most unique features of the state Meghalaya. It looks like a huge cup shaped hollow, it is most probably the extinct of pre-historic volcano.

Kyllang Rock: Located at the distance of about 11 kilometres from Mairang, it is millions of years old steep dome of red granite.

Sacred Forest Mawphlang: Located at the distance of about 25 km from Shillong, it is one of the most sacred-groves of Meghalaya. Major attractions are rich flora and thick cushion of human beings on the grounds accumulated through several years.


Sweet fall: A beautiful waterfall located in the Happy Valley of Meghalaya.
Rengthiam fall:Surrounded by picturesque landscape it is a beautiful cascade fall.
• Elephant fall
• Spread Eagle falls
• Shadthum Falls
• Weinia falls
• Bishop Falls
• Nohkalikai Falls
• Langshiang Falls


• Krem Kotsati
• Bok Bak Dobhakol
• Siju-Dobkhakol
• Tetengkol-Balwakol

National Parks

• Nokrek National Park
• Balpakram National Park


• Ward Lake
• Umiam Lake

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Meghalaya Itineraries