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Punjab





Located in the north-west part of the country, Punjab is a leading agricultural state of India. It shares its boundary with Jammu & Kashmir in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the north-east and east, Haryana in the south and south-east and Rajasthan in the south-west; however, it shares its international boundary with Pakistan in the west. During the ancient and medieval period, Punjab was popularly known as ‘Gateway of India’; people from Central Asia, Greece, Iran and Afghanistan generally used to enter in India through Punjab.

Interestingly, the word Punjab is taken from two languages i.e. Sanskrit word ‘panj’ meaning ‘five’ and Persian word ‘Ab’ meaning ‘water’; so, the word Punjab means ‘Five Rivers’. Punjab is the land of five rivers namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Satluj, Beas.

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Punjab is an historical state discussed in the Hindi scripture Mahabharata as ‘Panchanad’. Besides, it is also part of one of the oldest civilizations of the world i.e. Indus Valley Civilization. The city ‘Harrapa’ which was evolved during the Indus Valley Civilization was the part of Punjab region. The region also served various ancient empires such as Gandhara, Mahajanapadas, Nandas, Mauryas, Sungas, Kushans, Guptas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas etc. On the contrary, because of its marginal location, the region also consistently evidenced attacks of Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Turks, and Afghans during different periods of time.

However, after the independence i.e. in the year 1947, British India was partitioned into two country namely India and Pakistan; consequently, the Punjab province, which was geographically located partly in Pakistan and partly in India also get partitioned as East Punjab in India and West Punjab in Pakistan. It is not only geographical region but thousands of people also get displaced (Hindu religion migrated to India and Muslim people migrated to Pakistan). Above all, this separation was very costly in terms of loss of wealth as well as loss of human lives. Finally, in the year 1956, the east Punjab region has been created as one of the state of India with its capital city at Chandigarh.

By virtue of having networks of various rivers and flat plain area, most part of Punjab is fertile land; in addition, well planned canal system makes Punjab a highly developed agriculture state. However, some of the north-east parts of the state lie in at the foothills of the Great Himalaya. Further, the south-west part of the state also merges with Thar Desert.

Tourism in Punjab

Punjab is one of the most developed and prosperous states of India; in addition, various historical sites including Indus Valley Civilization are the major attractions of the state. There are archaeological sites, battle sites in the lap of natural environment. Besides, the tradition, culture and cuisine of the state Punjab are worldwide popular. Punjabi dance (such as Punjabi Bhangra) and music are also so melodious that thousands of tourists love to watch and listen.

However, major tourists’ attractions of Punjab Tourism are:

Cities

• Ludhiana
• Amritsar
• Jalandhar
• Patiala
• Bathinda

Archaeological Sites

• Indus Valley Civilization
• Sanghol, Fatehgarh Sahib: Ancient Buddhist and Hindu archaeological sites

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Gurdwaras
Golden Temple: Worldwide famous Golden Temple is located in Amritsar. It is one of the most visited religious places in India.
• Gurdwara Shri Baoli Sahib Goindwal Sahib
• Dera Baba Nanak,in Gurdaspur district
• Gurudwara Ber Sahib, Sultanpur Lodhi
• Kiratpur Sahib
• Khadur Sahib
• Khadur Sahib
• Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib
• Gurdwara Jyoti Sarup
• Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib
• Mehdiana Sahib
• Baba Bakala
• Parivar Vichora
• Gurdwara Manji Sahib
• Gurdwara Karamsar Rara Sahib
• Takht Sri Damdama Sahib
• Gurdwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib

Temples

• Devi Talab Mandir: It is located in Jalandhar.
• Durgiana Mandir: It is located in Amritsar.
• Ram Tirath Temple: It is located in Amritsar.
• Kali Devi Temple: Dedicated to Goddess Kali, it is located in Patiala.

Forts and Palaces

• Gobindgarh Fort, Amritsar
• Ancient Fort, Bathinda
• Quila Mubarak, Patiala
• Bahadurgarh Fort, Patiala
• Phillaur Fort, Ludhiana
• Shahpur Kandi Fort, Pathankot
• Anandpur Sahib Fort, Ropar
• Summer Palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh: located in Amritsar
• Keshgarh Fort, Anandpur Sahib
• Historic monuments: Largely located in Nabha and Sangrur
• Faridkot Fort
• Payal Fort

Mughal Architecture

• Coronation site of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Gurdaspur
• Aam Khas Bagh, Sirhind
• Mughal Serai, Doraha
• Mughal Serai, Shambhu
• Serai Nurmahal, Nurmahal
• Kos Minar

Museums

• Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Amritsar
• Angol Sikh War Memorial, Ferozeshah
• Govt. Museum Hoshiarpur
• Rural Museum, Punjab Agricultural University
• Sports Museum, Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports, Patiala
• Khalsa Heritage Memorial Complex
• Sikh Ajaibghar, Mohali
• Qila Mubarak Patiala, Museum of Armoury & Chaneliers
• Art Gallery at Sheesh Mahal
• Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum, Ludhiana
• Guru Teg Bahadur Museum, Shri Anandpur Sahib
• Shahed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh Museum, Khatkar Kalan

Other Tourists’ attractions

• Ranjit Sagar Dam
• Bhakra Dam
• Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
• Waghh Border, Aritsar
• Zoological Park, Chhatbir
• Tiger Safari, Ludhiana
• Pushpa Gujral Science City, Jalandhar
• Sukhna Lake, Chandigarh
• Hari-ke-pattan, Amritsar, Ferozepur
• Sheed Bhagat Singh Garden, Faridkot • Rock Garden, Chandigarh

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