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Rajasthan

Located in the western and north-west part of the country, Rajasthan is the largest state of India. It shares its boundary with Punjab in the north, Haryana in the north-east, Uttar Pradesh in the east, Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Gujarat in the south; however, in the west it shares its international boundary with Pakistan. Though, Rajasthan is the largest state of India but its entire western region is the part of the Great Indian Desert Thar but the eastern part is fertile land along with other geographic features.

Historically, the land is evidenced human settlement about 5,000 years back; one of the oldest human settlement sites that is Indus Valley Civilization took place in this region. The major settlement regions of Indus Valley Civilization were located in the Rajasthan; Kalibangan was one of the most important sites of Indus Valley Civilization located in Hanumangarh District of Rajasthan. Likewise, during the medieval and modern period, the Rajputs, Jats, Charans, Yadavas, Meenas, Gurjars, Bhils and Bishnois are the major tribal groups that shape up the state Rajasthan.

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Moreover, remained as independent kingdom, it was ruled largely by Rajputs; the Rajput dynasty created landmark history in the state by creating rich architectural and cultural heritage, which can be seen even today. For example the various distinct palaces, forts, Havelis are located throughout the state. Marwaris also played key role in the infrastructural and economic development of Rajasthan.

Though, the region has various geographic features but large western part is covered by Thar Desert; which further extension towards east is demarcated by one of the oldest mountains ‘Aravalli Range that runs from north to south in the middle of the state and divides Rajasthan as west Rajasthan (largely the desert region) and east Rajasthan. The eastern part is pretty prosperous because of having river basin and fertile land. Furthermore, it has rich culture and reflects long historical cultural traditions. The local folk culture is pretty mesmerizing. The historical classical dance and music of Rajasthan are pretty distinct and melodious and portray the life style of local people. Interestingly, the ‘Kalbeliya’ dance of Jaisalmer and ‘Ghoomar’ dance of Udaipur acquired international recognition. Further, the folk songs generally illustrate the heroic deeds and love stories. Story not ends here but the traditional arts and varieties of paintings are also pretty mesmerizing.

Local handicraft products such as wooden furniture, carpets and blue pottery are some of the items very common in Rajasthan but very much unique for the tourists. It is popularly said that – not only for local people but all tourists coming to Rajasthan, it is a shoppers' paradise; tourists can purchase ranges of local items at low price. The important products are showcase items, daily use items, kitchen items, jewellery and ornaments and many more. In addition, the dress and clothing of Rajasthan typically reflect the colourful Rajasthani culture and design; such as dresses and cloths are designed with mirror and embroidery work. Moreover, most of the Rajasthani dresses are designed beautifully, which have eye-catching color like yellow, blue and orange. So, Rajasthani dresses for all tourists (domestic as well as foreigners) are the most mesmerizing and they are bond to purchase it.

Rajasthan Tourism

Rajasthan' more popularly known as ‘Royal Rajasthan’ is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India; thousands of tourists not only from India but from all over the world visit this place. The Royal Rajasthan fascinates millions of tourists because of its archaeological sites, historical forts, palaces and of course art and culture. It is surprising to share that every third foreign tourist come to India also travel to Rajasthan. The state capital city Jaipur along with the national capital New Delhi and Agra make ‘Golden Triangle.

Moreover, adorned with picturesque landscapes, centuries old history and rich traditions, tourism in Rajasthan is a flourishing industry. Most popular attractions of Rajasthan tourism are palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur and desert forts of Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner. Interestingly, many of the centuries old palaces and forts are converted into hotel and resorts where you can enjoy the all modern facilities in traditional flavour.

Major Tourists’ Attractions in Rajasthan

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Major Cities

Jaipur: More popularly known as ‘pink city’ of India, Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. It is popular for its forts, palaces, temples and of course local shopping market.

Ajmer: It is religious place known for the shrine of sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti.

Pushkar: It is the worldwide popular city of Rajasthan because of being the venue of ‘Pushkar Mela’. Besides, there is also a Brahma temple, which is rare in whole world.

Jaisalmer: Located in the western part of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer is known for its golden fortress, temples, havellis and camel safari.

Jodhpur: Located at the edge of Indian Desert, Jodhpur is popular for its blue homes and their architectures.

Mount Abu: Popular as the hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu is one of the most preferred destinations. Major attractions are 11th century old Dilwara Jain Temples and the adventurous activity trekking.

Ranakpur: It is popular for its huge Jain Temple complex, which consists of about 1444 pillars and mesmerizing marble carvings.

Ranthambore: The place is one of the most popular destinations because of having the popular National Park.

Udaipur: Udaipur is one of the most preferred tourists’ destinations in Rajasthan; interestingly it is also known as the "Venice of India".

Barmer: Tourists visit this place only to enjoy local rural culture and traditions.

Bikaner: It is pretty famous for its palaces and temples.

Ahore: It is a small town located at the distance of about 110 km from Jodhpur. It is popular for Holi Festival and Havelli Heritage.

Fort and Palaces in Rajasthan

• Amber Fort, Jaipur
• City Palace, Jaipur
• Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur
• Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
• Rohet Fort, Jodhpur
• Junagadh Fort, Bikaner
• Badnore Fort, Bhilwara
• Kumbhalgarh Fort, Udaipur
• Sajjangarh Fort, Udaipur
• Lake Palace, Udaipur
• Fateh Prakash Palace, Udaipur
• Shiv Niwas Palace, Udaipur
• Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer
• Lal Garh Palace, Bikaner
• Rana Kumbha Palace, Chittorgarh
• Padmini Palace, Chittorgarh
• Fateh Prakash Palace, Chittorgarh
• Achalgarh Fort, Mount Abu
• Sunrise Palace, Mount Abu
• Kesar Bhawan Palace, Mount Abu
• Bundi Palace, Bundi
• Taragarh Fort, Ajmer
• Akbars Palace, Ajmer
• Man Mahal, Pushkar
• Pushkar Palace, Pushkar
• Bala Quila, Alwar
• City Palace, Alwar
• Alwar Fort, Alwar
• Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur

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Haveli’s of Rajasthan

• Salim Singh Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer
• Patwon Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer
• Nathmalji Ki Haveli, Jaisalmer
• Jhunjhunwala Haveli, Mandawa
• Gulab Rai Ladia Haveli, Mandawa
• Anandilal Poddar Haveli, Nawalgarh
• Parusrampuria Haveli, Nawalgarh
• Chhauchharia Haveli, Nawalgarh
• Geevrajka Haveli, Nawalgarh
• Choudaharia Haveli, Fatehpur
• Mohanlal Ishwardas Haveli, Jhunjhunu
• Modi Haveli, Jhunjhunu

Monuments of Rajasthan

• Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
• Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
• Jal Mahal Palace, Jaipur
• Chhatris of Jaimal and Kalla, Chittorgarh
• Chaurasi Khambon ki Chhatri, Bundi
• Maharana Pratap Memorial, Udaipur
• The Crags, Mount Abu
• Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri, Alwar
• Mayo College, Ajmer
• Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, Ajmer
• Devi Kund, Bikaner

Religious Places of Rajasthan

• Govind Devji Temple, Jaipur
• Galtaji Temple, Jaipur
• Kalika Mata Temple, Chittorgarh
• Kumbha Shyam Temple, Chittorgarh
• Rani Sati Temple, Jhunjhunu
• Dargah Sharif, Ajmer
• Mahaveer Swami Temple, Mount Abu
• Shiva Temple, Alwar
• Jain Temple, Alwar
• Brahma Temple, Pushkar
• Gayatri Temple, Pushkar
• Mahadeva Temple, Pushkar
• Saraswati Temple, Pushkar
• Savitri Temple. Pushkar
• Varah Temple, Pushkar
• Shiv Bari Temple, Bikaner
• Jain Temples, Jaisalmer
• Lakshminath Temple, Jaisalmer
• Nathdwara Temple, Udaipur
• Maha Mandir, Jodhpur
• Udai Mandir, Jodhpur

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Rajasthan

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary: Also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is largely known for the migratory birds. Along with the wildlife, tourists enjoy here natural landscapes and lakes.

Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary: Located at the distance of about 55 km from the Kota, Darrah Wild Life Sanctuary homes largely tigers, deers and rhinos Desert National Park: Located in desert regions of Jaisalmer, Desert National Park is known for black buck, desert fox, wolf and many more. Camel safari is also pretty popular.

Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in the Aravalli regions of Rajasthan nearby Mount Abu, Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary homes Jackal, Indian Fox, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyaena, Jungle Cat, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Porcupine, Common Mongoose, Common Langoor, Sambhar, Hedgehog and Indian Hare.

Ranthambore National Park: One of the most popular and tiger reserves of India, Ranthambore is very much fascinating tourists’ attraction in Rajasthan. In the park, you can also enjoy the lake view and other landscapes. During the year 1955, it was the ‘game sanctuary’. But in the year 1972, it became the ‘Tiger Reserve’ and finally in the year 1980, it is declared as the National Park of India. Above all, Ranthambore National Park is also declared as the heritage site of Rajasthan because of the picturesque ruins of a fort located in the park.

Sariska National Park: Located in Alwar district of Rajasthan, Sariska National Park is one of the most visited National Parks in Rajasthan. Because of its location in the proximity of National Capital city New Delhi and some other city, it is easily accessible.

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