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Located in the north-east part of India in the Eastern Himalayan Region, Sikkim is fortified state of India. It shares its international boundary with three countries i.e. Bhutan in the east, Tibet (an autonomous region in China) in the north and Nepal in the west. However, it shares its state boundary with West Bengal in the south.

The state is entirely located in the great Himalayan region hence it has wonderful landscapes. In terms of population, Sikkim is the least populated state of India and in terms of area; it is second smallest state of India. Since, the state is located at different altitudes hence its climate varies from subtropical to alpine. Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak of the world is located on the border of Sikkim and Nepal. Teesta is the Major River of the state.

Historically, Sikkim had been ruled by various kingdoms; however, during the year 1642, Namgyal dynasty established and remained there for next almost one and half centuries. Later on, the Namgyal dynasty aligned with British and became its protectorate. After 28 years of Independence, in the year 1975, the monarchy is abolished and became the Indian state.

Sharing its international boundary with Nepal, the state population has majority of Nepali ethnicity. Surprisingly, Sikkim has 11 official languages; however, English is used in schools, colleges and government offices. Majority of people follow Hindu and Vajrayana Buddhism religion. The state’s economy is largely depends upon agriculture and tourism industry.

Sikkim Tourism

Sikkim is located in a rich diversified geographical region of Himalaya; it has diverse range of flora and fauna. Significantly, the region is one of the ecological hotspots among the total three eco-regions of India. Tourism in Sikkim is one of the leading industries and has major contribution in the total revenue of the state.

Major Attractions of Sikkim Tourism

Gangtok: Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim, which lies at the altitude of about 1,780 meters. By virtue of being a hill station, the city has wonderful landscapes. Major attractions of the city are Monastery, waterfall, ropeway, MG Market etc.

Rumtek Monastery: It is the seat of 16th Gyalwa Karmapa Lama Kagyu; it is the one of the 4 significant Tibetan Buddhist sects. It is also treasure of unique religious scriptures and other sacred books.

Tsango Lake: Located at the altitude of 3,780 meter on the highway of Gangtok and Nathula Pass, Tsango Lake has scenic landscapes. Interestingly, the literal meaning of Tsango Lake is – ‘the source of Lake’. The lake remains frozen more than 5 months of the year.

Nathula Pass: Located at the altitude of 4,392 meters, Nathula Pass is one of the earliest trade routes of India that more popularly known as silk trading route is one of the most preferred tourists’ destinations in Sikkim. It is the limit of India and Tibet (an autonomous region of China).

Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary: Located at the altitude of 2,121 meters at the distance of 20 km from Gangtok, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary has diverse flora and fauna. Major animals are Red Panda, Himalayan Black Bear, Civet Cat and you can also watch here various other animals and birds.

Pelling: located at the distance of about 118 km from Gangtok, Pelling is wonderful tourists’ destination in Sikkim. Major attractions of Pelling are Pemayangtse Monastery, scenic landscapes, market of local products etc.

Yuksom: Located in the western part of Sikkim, Yuksom is thrilling place; it is the same place from where the trekking route to Dzongri and also the base camp of the Kanchenjunga Mountain begins.

Versey: Versey is known for the Mountain View; located at the altitude of about 3,000 meters, you can watch real beauty of Himalaya. Rhododendron Sanctuary is also popular here.

Lachung: Located at the distance of 115 km from Gangtok, Lachung is small village but it is pretty popular for tourism because of ‘Yumthung Valley’ and scenic landscapes.

Ravangla: Located at the altitude of about 2,122 km from sea level around the base of Menam Hill, Ravangla is flourishing tourists’ point. Along the monastery, it has various scenic landscapes including cave. Menam Wildlife Sanctuary is also quite popular for the tourists.

Adventure Tourism in Sikkim

Sikkim has various thrilling adventure tourism such as:

• Archaic
• Mountaineering in Sikkim
• Trekking in Sikkim
• River Rafting in Sikkim
• Mountain Biking in Sikkim
• Yak Safari
• Hang Gliding in Sikkim
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