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Tamil Nadu

Located in the southern most part of India, Tamil Nadu is one of the most religious states of India. It shares its boundary with Kerala in the west, Karnataka in the north-west and Andhra Pradesh in north; however, it makes coastline in the east with Bay of Bengal and with Indian Ocean in the south.

As per the historical study, the region has been remaining as the home of Tamil people since 500 BCE along with having 2,000 years old literature and other inscriptions. The state has hundreds of temples constructed in Dravidian architecture; it attracts thousands of people. In addition, beach resorts, hill stations and above all UNESCO World Heritage Sites are the treasure and prosperity of the state.

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With its prehistoric evidence, Tamil Nadu is one of the oldest as well as longest continuous human habitation sites in India. There are various archaeological sites including Adichanallur etc. Interestingly, early history of Tamil Nadu is recognized as ‘Sangam Period’. Sangam Period started during the 300 BCE and ended during the 300 CE; during this period, there were three major dynasties namely Chera, Chola and Pandya; they ruled entire state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. During this time various structures had been built that became the heritage sites of present India. By the time of 17th century, first Dutch and then British came and rule the region. After the independence, some of the south regions including part of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, Karnataka and Kerala collectively formed Madras state. However, after a few years, separate states formed; subsequently, Tamil Nadu is also one of them.

Geographically, it is the region where the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats meet; besides, there are also Nilgiri hills and long coastline. It has sub-humid and semi-arid climate and various distinct flora and fauna. Above all, Tamil Nadu is also known for its rich traditions, Tamil literature, music and dance. Bharatanatyam dance is worldwide popular; in addition, Tanjore painting and Tamil architecture are also pretty popular.

Tamil Nadu Tourism

Tourism industry in Tamil Nadu is the second largest in India with surprising high growth rate (about 16% annual). Major attractions of the state are historic temples, architecture, monuments, hill stations, beaches and UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Besides, Nilgiri hills, Cardamom hills, Palani hills, and Shevaroy hills are all homes of dense forests and wildlife.

Major Cities of Tamil Nadu

Chennai: Located at the eastern coast of India, it is capital of Tamil Nadu. Formerly its name was Madras. The city has various tourists’ attractions including tantalizing beaches, cultural festivals, Anglo-Indian architecture and shopping complex. City has Asia’s largest hospital that promotes medical tourism.
Coimbatore: More popularly known as Manchester of South India, Coimbatore is the second largest city of India.
Tiruchirapalli: Located on the bank of river Kaveri, it is an historic city; it has various cultural sites.
Madurai: It is more popularly known as temple city. Besides, Madurai is a cultural hot spot of south India that fascinates national and international tourists.
Tirunelveli: The historic city Tirunelveli homes various historic temples and shrines. There is also very famous Shiva temple with mesmerizing architecture.
Tuticorin: One of the most developed and trade cities of Tamil Nadu; Tuticorin is historical and religious city where tourists love to visit.
Rameshwaram: Located on the tip of Pamban Island, it is one of most sacred pilgrimage centres of south India. As people say, it is the place from where Lord Rama started his journey of Sri Lanka.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

The Chola Temples: It is constructed by the king Raja Raja Chola I and his son Rajendra. There are various sites; significant of them are Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Darasuram.
Group of Monuments in Mahabalipuram: Major sites are Ratha Temples, the 11 Mandapas, Shore Temples, Seven Pagodas etc.
• The Nilgiri Mountain Railway

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Temples of Tamil Nadu

Chidambaram Temple: Located in Chidambaram, the magnificient temple is dedicated to Lord Natraja. The temple is built during the period of 9th century.
Melakadambur: It is popular as sculpture temple.
Ranganathaswamy Temple: Located in Srirangam, it is surprisingly the tallest Hindu temple in the world. Its height is measured as high as 60 meters.
Kailashnathar Temple: Located in Kanchipuram, it is pretty popular temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Ekambareswarar Temple: Located in Kanchipuram, it is the temple constructed by Cholas.
Kamakshi Amman Temple: Located in Kanchipuram, it is the temple dedicated to Goddess Parvti.
Kumari Amman Temple: Located in Kanniyakumari, it is a gorgeous temple.
Thanumalayan Temple: This is the temple located in Kanniyakumari.
Meenakshi Amman Temple: 2,000 years old, it is one of the largest Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu.
Thirupparamkunram Murugan Temple: Located nearby Madurai, it is very popular temple.
Adi Kumbeswarar Temple: Located in Kumbakonam, it is the biggest Saivite temples in this region.
Ramaswamy Temple: Located in Kumbakonam, it is a popular temple dedicated to Lord Rama.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple: Located in Kumbakonam, it is the temple constructed in ancient Dravidian architecture.
Sarangapani Temple: Located in Kumbakonam, it is one of the most important Vaishanavaite pilgrimage centres in Tamil Nadu.
Erwadi Dargah: It is about 800 years old mosque that attracts the devotees from all over the India.
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple: Located in the vicinity of Gulf of Mannar, it is quite popular temple.

Hill Stations of Tamil Nadu

• Udagamandalam (also known as Ooty)
• Kodaikanal
• Yercaud
• Coonoor
• Valparai
• Yelagiri
• Sirumalai
• Kalrayan Hills
• Kolli Hills

Waterfalls of Tamil Nadu

Hogenakkal waterfalls: Located in the picturesque landscape, it is popular picnic spot and health resort.
Catherine waterfalls: Located in Kotagiri, it is quite fascinating waterfall. It is structured as double-cascade and gives unique look that attracts more to people.
Kiliyur waterfalls: It is located in Shervaroyan hill of the Eastern Ghats. It is pretty popular tourists’ destination in Tamil Nadu.
Suruli waterfalls: It is located in Meghamalai Mountain Range; interestingly, the fall is located in scenic landscape. In addition, there is also a series of caves that illustrate rock-cut architecture of 18th century.
Tirparappu waterfalls: Located in Kanyamumari district, its height is measured about 15 meters.

Beaches of Tamil Nadu

Marina Beach: Located on the eastern coast of India along Bay of Bengal. Marina Beach is one of the longest beaches of the world. With having wonderful landscapes, tourists love to watch sunset and sunrise from this point.
Kanniyakumari Beach: Located at the southern tip of India where Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean meet, Kanniyakumari Beach is one of the distinct beaches of India. Unlike other beaches, it is a pilgrim centre. However, people enjoy in watching here sunrise and sunset view.
• Elliot Beach
• Mahabalipuram Beach
• Poompuhar Beach

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