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Uttar Pradesh

Located in the northern part of India, Uttar Pradesh remains politically powerful state all through ancient, medieval and modern period. The state shares its boundary with Uttarakhand in the north, Bihar in the east, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh in the south-east, Madhya Pradesh in the south, Rajasthan in the west, Haryana and Delhi in the north-west; however, in the north-east, Uttar Pradesh also shares its international boundary with Nepal.

Historically, the major dynasties who had been ruled the region were Magadha, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Kushan, Gupta, Gurjara, Rashtrakuta, and Pala starting from ancient to early medieval; during the medieval time, Mughal Empires ruled; however, during the modern period, British took the command of the region. The region evolved as the separate region in the year 1805; however, it was created in the year 1937 as the United Province. Finally, in the year 1950, it is renamed as Uttar Pradesh. The state has several historical cities that hold the equal importance even in modern era, such as Varanasi, Kaushambi, Ballia, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Mathura, Lucknow, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Allahabad, Agra, Piprahwa and Meerut.

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The largest populated state of India, geographically most part of the state is located in the northern plain region of India constituted of the larger Gangetic Plain, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains etc. However, some regions have hills and plateau such as Vindhya Range covers the southern part of the state and northern part lies in the foothills of Himalaya, along the Siwalik range, more popularly known as ‘Bhadhar’. There are network of more than 30 large and small rivers in the state, important of them are Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghara, Sarayu, Betwa etc.

Uttar Pradesh Tourism

By virtue of having long history and vast area, it has various ancient, medieval and modern sites to visit. In addition, it is one of the largest religious centres of India along with ancient places of worship, vibrant culture, various festivals, splendid monuments, viharas along with varied topography; because of these reasons, Uttar Pradesh holds first rank in terms of receiving domestic tourists. One of the most important Hindu festivals is ‘Kumbha Mela’ that takes place once in 12 years. During this festival, more than 10 million people (which is larger than any other religious gathering) congregate at one place located in the city Allahabad. In addition, Varanasi also known as Banaras is also one of the most important religious centres of India. Nearby Varanasi, Sarnath and Kushinagar are also historical places; Sarnath is the place where Gautama Buddha delivered his first sermon after his enlightenment and the place Kushinagar is also important because this is the place where Buddha got ‘Nirvana’.

However, major tourists’ destinations in Uttar Pradesh are:

Hindu religious sites

• Varanasi: Located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh on the Bank of River Ganga, it is one of the oldest cities of the world. There are various popular temples in the city, among them, Kashi Vishwanath Temple is most important because it is place of Vishwanath Jyotirling Temple, which is considered as the most sacred Hindu Temple. Besides, the ghat of Ganga River is quite important all devotees first take bath here and then go for worship in the temples. Interestingly, it is also popular because of having one of the finest Textiles Industries in the world.

• Ayodhya: Popularly known as Ram Janmabhoomi, Ayodhay is the place where Lord Rama born. Because of this reason, it is one of the significant religious places of India. In addition, the place is also birthplace of five Tirthankars of Jainism including the first Tirthankar Shri Rishabh Dev. Furthermore, it is also important because of having heritage of Buddhism. Above all, the city has dozens of temples, monuments and other religious sites which were established during the period of Mauryan Empire and Gupta Dynasty. People say, Tulsidas started his writing of Ramacharitamanas in the city of Ayodhya most probably during the period of 1574 CE.

• Mathura-Vrindavan: Located nearby each other, Mathura-Vrindavan is the place of Lord Krishna. With having spectacular landscapes, these two cities are remain filled with devotees round the year; however, during the celebration of Lord Krishna’s birthday more popularly known as ‘Janmaashtami’ the place is adorned like anything; thousands of people gather here to worship and celebrate Lord Krishna’s birthday. Besides, Hindu festival ‘Holi’ is also pretty popular here.

• Allahabad: Located in the south-eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad is one of the most sacred places of India. In the past, the city was popular with the name ‘Prayaga’, which means ‘place of sacrifice’. This is the place where the Great Rivers of India i.e. the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati meet; though, the river Saraswati is no more there but as per the Hindu scripture, in the past Saraswati was also one of the most important sacred rivers of India. Interestingly, among four, Allahabad is one of the places in India where ‘Kumbh Mela’ takes place after every 12 years. Moreover, with having various temples and other religious centres, the city has also produced many national leaders of India including our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar and Gulzarilal Nanda.

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Buddhist Religious Sites in Uttar Pradesh

• Sarnath: Located nearby Varanasi city, it is the monumental historic place where Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining the enlightenment. You can also find here Ashoka Pillar with a Lion Capital.
• Kushinagar: Located nearby Varanasi city, it is the place where Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana (Demise).
• Kaushambi: It is popular for many Buddhist because it is the place that evidenced series of Buddha sermons.
• Sravasti: People say, it was the favourite monsoon resort of Buddha.

Other Tourists’ Cities in Uttar Pradesh

• Lucknow: More popularly known as ‘city of Nawabs’, Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. You can watch here various historical places and also Mughal and British architect.
• Agra: It is the place, which have one of the Seven Wonders of the World namely Taj Mahal. Besides, the city has various other historic tourists’ attractions.
• Kanpur: Along with the historical places, it is the biggest Industrial and commercial hub of Uttar Pradesh. Leather industry is pretty popular here.
• Jhansi: Located in the southern part of Uttar Pradesh it is the place known for Rani Lakshmibai who fought against British force. One can also see here Jhansi Fort.
• Fatehpur Sikri: It is the Historical place founded by Mughal Empire.
• Meerut: It is important historic place where First War of Indian Independence took place in the year 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny of 1857).
• Mirzapur: It is the place known worldwide for its finest carpet Industries. Besides, it is also popular for its natural beauties and landscapes.
• Ghaziabad: Though, it is an historical place located nearby the national capital New Delhi but today it is one of the fastest growing cities and industrial hubs of Uttar Pradesh.
• Gorakhpur: It is the historic city that homes Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain and Sikh saints.

National Park & Wildlife Sanctuaries in Uttar Pradesh

• Dudhwa National Park: Located in the Terai of Uttar Pradesh along the international border of Nepal, Dudhwa National Park is an important tiger reserve of India.
• Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary: Located nearby Dudhwa National Park in Nepalese Terai District of Lakhimpur Kheri it is an important wildlife sanctuary. Important animals of this sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Bengal Florican, Swamp Deer, Barking Deer and Hog Deer.
• Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary: Located nearby the India-Nepal border, in the Terai region of Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh, it is a strategic wildlife sanctuary that established to give protection to the local flora and fauna.

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