Fatehpur Sikri- A Spiritual Abode

A childless emperor, Akbar undertook a pilgrimage journey. On the way, he met Sheikh Salim Chisti-a great Sufi saint. Sheikh Salim correctly foretold that the king would have three sons. After the birth of Jahangir (Akbar’s first son) at the village of Sikri, Akbar started the construction of the city. He brought the Mughal grandeur to this spiritual abode. The first planned city of the Mughals, founded by emperor Akbar in the year 1571. The city was created away from the crowd and haphazard of Agra and was soon abandoned. Some say, the meagre supply of water was inadequate to the sustaining population while others say it was because Akbar shifted to Punjab owing to political reasons.

The city later came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, the “City of Victory”, after Akbar’s first victorious Gujarat Campaign. Akbar commemorated the Sheikh who prophesised the birth of his sons. The city remained a capital of Mughal empire for only a period of 15 years.

Fatehpur Sikri sits on a rocky ridge and falls roughly into the shape of a rhombus. The city was built preferably with the red sandstone. The city can be accessed through the gates which acts as a fence. Along the 8 kilometres wall, there are numerous gates like Delhi Gate, Lal Gate, Agra Gate, Birbal’s gate, etc.

Major attractions in Fatehpur Sikri

Buland Darwaza- also known as the “Gate of Victory” was built in 1601 AD by Mughal emperor Akbar. The gate was built to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Gujarat. The gate is the main entrance to the Jama Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri. Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world (50metres). Buland Darwaza acts as a southern entrance to the city of Fatehpur Sikri. Carved out of red sandstone with black and white marble lining, it is 15 storeys high.

buland

Jama Masjid- one of the most visited tourist destinations of Agra; Jama Masjid of Fatehpur Sikri is one of the largest mosques in the world. Buland Darwaza leads to the huge courtyard in front of the Jama Masjid.

Tomb of Salim Chisti- within the courtyard of Jama Masjid, is a white marble tomb of Sufi saint Salim Chisti. Salim Chisti correctly prophesised the birth of Akbar’s three sons. To commemorate the saint, a tomb was built.

salim

 

Fatehpur Sikri Entrance Fees: INR 600 for foriegn nationals and INR 40 for Indian Citizens.

Best Time to visit Fatehpur Sikri: October to March

Average visit duration: 2 hours

How to reach Fatehpur Sikri: Fatehpur Sikri is situated 35 kms from the city of Agra which will take around 1 hour of driving. On reaching Fatehpur Sikri you have to park your vehicle and board the electric bus which will take you to the monument and charges INR 10 per person per trip.

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