Humayun tomb

History of Humayun’s Tomb

Located in the Indian capital New Delhi, Humayun’s tomb constructed in 15th century was commissioned by Humayun’s wife Bega Begum aka Haji Begum. The tomb belongs to the Mughal emperor Humayun (who died after slipping off from the stairs) and is a one of its kind gardens tombs to be ever built on the Indian subcontinent. Biga Begum hired Mirak Mirza Ghiyath (a Persian architect) who died before the completion of the tomb. The monument was later completed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath’s son in 1572.

humayunn

The grandeur of the entire complex is the evidence that the construction cost came close to 1.5 million rupees, borne entirely by Bega Begum. After the Mughal capital shifted to Agra in 1556, the monument was neglected and witnessed accelerating decay. In the 1860, the garden was restored and replanted with an English-style garden. However, this was corrected in the early 20th century by then Viceroy Lord Curzon. Lord Curzon initiated a restoration project and brought the gardens to its pristine form. During the partition period in 1947, Humayun’s tomb along with the Purana Qila, provided shelter or served as a refugee camp to those migrating to Pakistan. For nearly five years the camps were held at this site, which caused a lot of damage to the gardens, main structure and the water channels. Later, the Humayun’s Tomb came under the control of Archaeological survey of India and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Other architectural marvels to see in the complex

  • Arab Sarai, resting residence for the craftsmen who built the Humayun’s Tomb.

ArabSaraii

  • Bu Halima’s tomb and garden, little is known about her, a garden complex with the tomb mounted on a raised platform.
  • Tomb of Isa Khan, an Afghan noble who fought against the Mughals. Her tomb pre-date by 20 years to the main tomb.

isakhannn

  • Chillah Nizamuddin Aulia, the residence of Nizamuddin Auliya, patron saint of Delhi.

Facts you might not know about the Humayun’s Tomb

  • Humayun’s tomb garden design and structure has inspired a lot of other monuments, most famous being Taj Mahal.
  • More than 100 graves are situated within the tomb complex, most of them belonging to the royal family.
  • The tomb was constructed by a Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath but died before its completion. It was later completed by Ghiyath’s son Sayyid Muhammad.
  • Humayun’s tomb is the first garden tomb on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Humayun’s Tomb was built by Bega Begum for her husband.

 

Entrance Fee: For Indians INR 35 rupees and for Foreigner INR 600 rupees

Best time to visit: October to March

Visiting hours: Sunrise to sunset, everyday

How to reach: By metro (nearest metro station) Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

Also Read: Qutub Minar - Experience a mix of Indo-islamic architecture

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