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Located in the eastern part of the state, Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. The city was founded in the year 1727 by the ruler of Amber Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The name of city is kept on his name. The city is separated into sectors with the network of broad streets. Likewise, the royal palaces, forts, gardens and lakes are the prime attractions of the city.
Interestingly, the city has many historical buildings uniformly made up of pink color, this is the reason that it is more popular as ‘Pink City of India’. Furthermore, located at the distance of about 275 kms from national capital New Delhi, the city Jaipur has been established based on the traditional nine-grid style. While building the city, it has been typically followed the Indian Vastu Shastra. It is believed to be the ideal for the settlements by the astrologers. However, it is architected in modern style based on blend of Mughal and Rajput design.
Along with the grand and glorious pink forts and palaces, arts culture and rich traditions, the buoyant local bazaars (markets) of Jaipur are also quite popular; the noteworthy items of these local markets are - Rajasthani jewellery, locally made designers’ apparels, fabric and varieties of shoes; these are true illustration of durable quality and are unquestionably a treasure of Jaipur. Above all, the mesmerizing and royal city Jaipur has romantic charms blend with local traditions and festivals.
Established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, city has number of tourists’ attractions. In addition, by virtue of being state capital of Rajasthan, it has developed all modern infrastructures starting from the well maintained airport to dense road network linked with all cities and towns of Rajasthan and other major cities of India. Jaipur is one of the most visited cities in India by foreign tourists.
Forts & Palaces
• City Palace: City Palace is a historic landmark; it has beautifully carved arches, which is supported by grey-white marble columns studded with floral motifs in gold along with coloured stones. Interestingly, there are two elephants placed at the entrance; both of the elephants have been carved in marble. However, City Palace is structural complex where you can see various other structures including Mubarak Mahal, Chandra Mahal, Maharani Palace, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-I-Aam, Pitam Niwas Chowk etc.
• Jantar Mantar: Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, Jantar Mantar is the centre of astronomical instruments. Interestingly, he had constructed five such kinds of structures located at different cities of India including national capital New Delhi. Listed in UNESCO World Heritage List, it is the largest observatory among all five.
• Hawa Mahal: Designed by Lal Chand Ustad and built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh during the year 1799, Hawa Mahal is a unique structure built of red and pink sandstone. Also popular as ‘Palace of Winds’ or ‘Palace of the Breeze’, it is five storey structure; its exterior is designed in such a way that it looks like honeycomb of the beehive. Surprisingly, Hawa Mahal has 953 small windows more popularly known as jharokhas, which are adorned with intricate lattice work. The concept behind these windows was to facilitate royal ladies to watch mundane life of the local people walking on the street located in front of windows.
• Jal Mahal: Built in the Man Sagar Lake, Jal Mahal (English meaning “Water Palace”) is wonderful structure standing in the middle of the water. It is one of the master mind creations where you need to take boat to reach the Mahal. Above all, you can enjoy here the superb landscape along with wonderful architecture.
• Jaigarh Fort: Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II during the year 1726, it is located on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli Range. Along with beautiful architecture, it has picturesque landscape. Here you can see the popular Lalit Mandir, Vilas Mandir, museum and many other structures. Above all, Jaigarh Fort is internally connected with Amber Fort and considered as one complex.
• Amer Fort: Built by Raja Man Singh I, it is also spelled as Amber Fort. The fort is located in Amber at the distance of 11 kms from Jaipur. Interestingly, Amer Fort is largely known for its architecture reflecting the blend of Hindu and Rajput style. Built of sandstone and marble, it has various structures inside including Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), Jai Mandir etc. It is designed in such a way that winds blow over the water cascade within the palace and likewise keeps the surrounding cool.
• Nahargarh Fort: Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, it is located nearby the Aravalli Range; it has beautiful landscapes.
• Rambagh Palace: Erstwhile royal residence of Maharaja of Jaipur, now it is one of the most luxurious Taj Palace Hotels of India.
Temples in Jaipur
• Govind Dev Ji Temple
• Lakshmi Narayan Mandir (also known as Birla Temple)
• Garh Ganesh Temple
• Panchayati Hall: Dedicated Goddess Durga and Lord Shiva.
• Central Museum: Established during the year 1865-66, it is one of the biggest museums of the country India. The museum is store house of various articles belonging to Mughal, Sikh and British period; the significant of them are ancient jewellery, musical instruments, pottery, armoury, textiles etc.
• Albert Hall Museum: Designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, it is the oldest museum of state Rajasthan. It is the model of Indo-Saracenic architecture. Located in Ram Niwas Garden, it has rich collections of range of items including ivory, paintings, carpets, precious stone, metal sculptures, colourful crystal works and many more.
• Ram Niwas Garden
• Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace
• Jawahar Circle Garden
• Kanak Vrindavan
• Birla Planetarium
• Maharani Ki Chharti
• Vidhyandhar Garden
• Tripolia Bazar
• Johari Bazar
• MirzaIsmial Road
• Bapu Bazaar
• Nehru Bazaar
Jaipur offers accommodation in budget guest houses to the Luxury 5 star hotels and has accommodation for every one in every budget. Some of the hotels in Jaipur are :
- Hotel Bissau Palace
- Hotel Alsisar Haveli
- Hotel Narayan Niwas Palace
- Hotel Taj Jai Mahal Palace
- Hotel Taj Rambagh Palace
- Hotel The Oberoi Raj Vilas
- Hotel Rajputana Sheraton
- Country Inn and Suites by Carlson
- Hotel Sujan Raj Mahal
This is not the end of the list, there are many more in all budgets.
By Road: The state capital Jaipur has dense road network connecting directly with various cities and towns of Jaipur and other major cities of India. NH 8 links directly with Delhi to Mumbai, NH12 links directly to Kota and NH11 links directly with Bikaner to Agra. Moreover, located at the distance of about 270 kms from Delhi, bus services are available round the clock.
By Rail: Jaipur has well maintained Railway Station that is directly linked with various major cities of India. You can take train from New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and many more. Above all, the luxurious trains including Palace on Wheel also runs that makes tour of major cities of Rajasthan including Jaipur.
By Air: Jaipur has local Airport connected with most of the major cities of India
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