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With its capital city at Dispur, the north-east state Assam is located in the south of eastern Himalayas. There are two major hills namely Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills; the Rivers Brahmaputra and Barak flow through the state along these hills. Interestingly, all these geographical features give the state beautiful landscapes.
Politically, Assam shares its state boundary with seven states including Arunachal Pradesh in north, Nagaland and Manipur in the east, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura in the south, West Bengal in the west and it also shares its international boundary with Bhutan in the north and Bangladesh in south-west.
History of Assam - Historically, known as 'Kamarupa' or 'Pragjyotish' especially during the period of the Epics, Assam is inhabited by human civilisation about 2000 BC ago from now. However, since that time, it had been ruled by various kingdoms and evidenced various ups and downs. However, at the present, the people of Assam are largely the migrants of Burma and China; hence, you can experience here the ‘Mongol-Aryan culture.
With its ‘Tropical Monsoon Rainforest Climate’, Assam is pretty resourceful state of India. It has various natural resources such as petroleum, natural gas, coal, limestone and other minerals like magnetic quartzite, sillimanites, kaolin etc. On the other hand, the state is also rich in terms of its biodiversity; there are various species of flora and fauna. Some of the important species of state are Rhinoceros, Golden Langur, White-winged Wood Duck, Bengal Florican, Black-reasted Parrotbill, Pygmy Hog etc, other common species are tiger, elephant, hoolock gibbon, jerdon’s babbler and many more. Surprisingly, the state has about 820 species of birds, which is the highest number of birds’ species in India. It has also the highest number population of wild water buffalo in the world. Hence, to conserve and protect the wildlife, the region is protected as National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.
For the tourists, Assam is adorned with natural beauty; the land of rivers and hills is not only culturally rich but it also offers various adventurous activities.
Major Places to visit in Assam:
Kaziranga National Park: Very rich in terms of biodiversity, Kaziranga National Park is UNESCO World Heritage Site. The National Park reserves two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. However, it is also tiger reserved area.
Manas National Park: The UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site, Manas National Park is pride of Assam; it is a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and Biospheres Reserve. Some of the endangered endemic wildlife are Hispid Hare, Assam Roofed Turtle, Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur and many more.
Nameri National Park: Located in Assam, Nameri National Park is known for its tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Wild Boar, Sambar, dhole (the Asiatic wild dog), Pygmy Hog, Capped Langur, Muntjac, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear and Indian Giant Squirrel.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park: Located in Tinsukia, it is one of the biggest national parks in India. Interestingly, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is considered as one the biological hotspots of India.
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary: It is a wildlife reserve in the Marigaon district of Assam.
Guwahati: The largest city and urban centre of Assam is the key centre of north-east region because it serves as the gateway for the whole region. However, the major tourists’ attraction are Kamakhya Temple, Shankardev Kalakshetra, Umananda Temple, Assam State Zoo, Shilpagram and of course the adventurous activity River rafting in Brahmaputra.
Tinsukia: It is the second largest city of state after Guwahati. Tourists love to visit this city largely for shopping purpose. However, Dibru- Saikhowa National Park is also fascinating site for the tourists. The Tilinga Mandir is a famous temple located nearby the city.
Dibrugarh: More popularly known as ‘Tea City of the World’, Dibrugarh produces finest Assam Team.
Other Tourist attractions of Assam :
Majuli: located in Brahmaputra River, it is the largest freshwater and riverine island of South Asia.
Jatinga: Located in Dima Hasao, the place has largely known because of mysterious suicides of the birds.
Tezpur: It is small town but it is historical and culturally rich; there are popular temples to visit.
Sivasagar: It is quite popular for the tourists; the major attractions are Sivasagar Tank, Joysagar Tank, Joymati Maydam, Devi Dole, Vishnu Dol, Gourisagar Dol and Tank, Namdang Stone Bridge, Charaideo, Uttran Museum, and Tea Estates.
Hajo: It is one of the ancient pilgrimage centres of Assam.
Haflong: It is a popular hill station of Assam and ane be included in our Assam Tour Package itinerary.