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Located in the northern most part of India surrounded by Himalayas and other Mountains, Jammu & Kashmir is a mountainous state. It shares its boundary with Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south. However, in the east it shares its international boundary with Pakistan and in the west with Ladakh. The state comprises of two regions Jammu (the Winter Capital region), Kashmir Valley (Srinagar - Summer Capital region). The state is more popularly known as heaven of India is one of the most preferred tourists state. The beautiful mountainous landscapes in the valley of Kashmir and various shrines fascinate millions of pilgrims and other tourists every year.
However, some regions of the state are disputed; in the western part, some parts are claimed by Pakistan and known as Pakistan occupied Kashmir or PoK; it is demarcated by Line of Control (LOC). And, in the east, some parts are disputed with China.
Surrounded by snow-clad peaks and mountains on all sides, Jammu & Kashmir is one of the richest states in India known largely for the tranquil natural landscapes that take you away from the materialistic and stressful life to a land of total peace and recreation. Along with the mountains, there are several valleys such as Kashmir Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Tawi Valley, Sind Valley etc. Likewise, the various Mountains Ranges including Karakoram Range, Ladakh Range and Himalayan Range and several valleys, there is huge variables in altitudes and it directly affects the climate and biogeography of Jammu & Kashmir. Resultantly, you can see here different types of climatic regions and corresponding flora and fauna.
The state has many rivers including Indus, Chenab, Jhelum, Tawi, Ravi etc. all these rivers are snow fed. In addition, there are dozens of glaciers in the state; among which Siachen Glacier is the largest one.
Jammu and Kashmir has very rich traditions that fascinate people. The economy of the state is principally dependent on agriculture, horticulture and allied activities. Surprisingly, the cold water of Kashmir valley is very much suitable for the sericulture. The vegetations of the state growing on the Himalayan mountains are pretty useful and one of the sources of revenue for the state. One of the uses of wood from Kashmir is in making high-quality cricket bats, which is popularly known as Kashmir Willow. In addition, Kashmiri saffron is also famous throughout the country and as well as in foreign countries and brings the state a substantial amount of foreign exchange. However, the major agricultural exports from the states are apples, oranges, cherries, saffron, corn, millet, rice, peaches, pears, sorghum, vegetables etc. And, significant manufactured exports are handicrafts, rugs and shawls.
Tourism in Jammu & Kashmir
The great Mughal Emperor Jahangir once said that if paradise is anywhere on the earth, it is here, while enjoying time in a houseboat floating in the fascinating ‘Dal Lake’. "Gar firdaus, ruhe zamin ast, hamin asto, hamin asto, hamin ast", meaning if there is ever a heaven on earth, it is here, it is here, it is here. So, there are dozens of attractions for the tourists in the state Jammu & Kashmir; significant of them are Valley of Srinagar, Srinagar, Gulmarg, Mughal Gardens, Pahalgam, Jammu and Ladakh.
Important Cities of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu: It is religious place and the winter capital of the state.
Srinagar: It is the summer capital and one of the most preferred tourists’ points in the state. Major attractions are Dal Lake and its floating houseboats and mesmerizing gardens.
Gulmarg: Surrounded with dense forest, it is largely popular for its amazing natural beauty. It is one of the most unique tourists’ destinations because tourists cannot only enjoy here skiing but also golf hikes; there is highland gulf course here.
Katra: Located in the foothills of the Trikuta Mountains; it is the place from where the journey of Mata Vaishno Devi shrine starts.
Pahalgam: It is one of the most beautiful landscapes from where the journey of Amarnath Yatra starts.
Patnitop: Located in Jammu, it is popular hill station.
Tourist Attractions in Jammu & Kashmir
Places to visit in Kashmir Valley
Srinagar: Summer Capital of Jammu and Kashmir and popular for the scenic landscapes, gardens and lakes.
Dal Lake: Located in Srinagar, Dal Lake is popular for its Shikharas i.e. house boats.
Vernag Spring: It is popular fresh water spring in the valley.
Mughal Garden: One of the most popular attractions of the valley. It has varieties of flowers and other scenic views.
Manasbal Lake: It has beautiful landscapes.
Shalimar Gardens: Popular garden.
Nishant Gardens: Garden with scenic views.
Amarnath Temple: Pretty popular pilgrimage site for Hindu devotees of Shiva. Thousands of devotees visit this temple every year.
Hari Parbat: It is an old fort as well as an ancient temple of Goddess Sharika Bhagwati.
Kheer Bhawani Temple: A popular temple in the valley.
Pari Mahal: It is an old monument from where you can view Dal Lake.
Shankaracharya Temple: It is an ancient temple of Lord Shiva.
Gulmarg: Famous for its skiing and scenic landscapes.
Pahalgam: Popular hill station.
Betaab Valley: A beautiful valley densely covered with vegetation.
Aru Valley: A valley popular for its landscapes.
Attractions in Jammu
Vaishno Devi Temple: Located in Jammu, Mata Vaishno Devi Temple is one of the most visited religious places in India.
Patnitopm: A popular hill station.
Bhaderwah: Popular as a hill station.
Mantalai and Shivkhori: Popular for eco-tourism.
Shahdra Sharif shrine
Punj old fort
Moreover, the state Jammu & Kashmir is a mountainous state hence, railway route is pretty limited and most of the areas are approachable only through the roadways of flight. However the city of Jammu is well connected by train. Tthere are domestic airports at Srinagar and Jammu but it is also limited to certain cities. However, besides touring in buses, you can also hire the private small vehicle. for more