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Located in the southern part of India, Kerala is one of the most scenic and Ayurveda medicinal states of India. The state shares its boundary with Karnataka to the north and north-east and Tamil Nadu to the east. However, from the west, it is bordered by the Arabian Sea. By virtue of its geographical location, Kerala has Equatorial Tropical Climate.
History of Kerala
The most powerful and influential dynasty that ruled the state during the ancient period was Chera Dyansty. Chera Dynasty had developed the region as international trading centre of spice. Because of its spice trading, by the time of medieval India, Portuguese also fascinated towards it and it also opened the way for the European Colonization to the entire of India.
However, after the independence, it has experienced exponential growth and subsequently, it became the most literate state and one of the most developed states of India. Furthermore, it is ranked first in Human Development Index (HDI); it has highest life expectancy (i.e. 74 years). Above all, as per the report of Transparency International Survey published in the year 2005, it has been ranked as the least corrupt state of India.
In addition, as per the research report published by Economic Research Firm Indicus Analytics, among the top ten liveable cities of India, five cities are located in Kerala. The state is also the cleanest and healthiest state of India. So, the state has shown the development in all fields starting from the economic to social, cultural to educational and even the infrastructure (of the state), development is everywhere in Kerala.
Interestingly, along with all such development Kerala has still its rich traditions and culture that fascinate the people of the world. Among the cosmopolitan cultures, its traditional culture has its own identity. The music, dance and festivals of Kerala are the traditional property of the state. Kathakali dance of Kerala is globally popular. Likewise, Kerala truly illustrates distinctive outlook in every aspect including traditions, art, architecture, culture, music, dance cuisine, lifestyle and all other social institutions.
Today, Kerala is the most important and one of the most visited tourists centres of the country. Tourists from all parts of the country as well as from all over the world visit this place. The important tourists attractions in the state are the backwaters of Kerala, Beaches of Kerala, Wildlife of Kerala and of course Ayurvedic Tourism of Kerala. In addition, Western Ghats and other hills shaped the landscapes in such a way that it truly became the heaven on the Earth. Because of all these reasons, National Geographics Traveler Magazine counted Kerala in the list of one of the ten paradises of the world; Traveler Magazine also listed top 50 must see destinations of a lifetime. Kerala is also popular for ecotourism and medical tourism.
Attractions of Kerala
Backwaters of Kerala
One of the most favourite tourists attractions in Kerala, backwater is a series of brackish lagoons and lakes. These lakes and lagoons are located along the Malabar Coast of Arabian Sea. Vembanad Lake is the largest lake of Kerala. However, the backwater tourism in Kerala is largely located around Alappuzha, Kollam and Kumarakom. Major attraction of backwaters of Kerala is Kettuvalam rides or houseboat. In addition, Boat race is also pretty popular in the backwater of Kerala. Moreover, with the wide range of houseboats (from highly luxurious to simple boats), there are various scenic routes available for the cruises; all the routes have their own beauty and landscapes. So, you can choose your boats and routes as per your choice and budget.
Major Cities of Kerala:
Thiruvananthapuram: It is capital city and one of the most preferred tourists destinations.
Cochin (Kochi),Thrissur, Kozhikode (Calicut), Malappuram, Alappuzha (Alleppey), Ernakulam(Cochin), Idukki, Kannur, Kasaragod, Kollam, , Kottayam (Kumarakom), Munnar,
,Wayanad, Varkala, Palakkad, Thekkady (Periyar), Mararikulum
Hill Stations of Kerala
Munnar, Vagamon, Peermade, Ponmudi, Wayanad, Nelliyampathi
Major Beaches of Kerala
Fort Kochi Beach
Kizhunna Ezhara Beach
Marari Beach (Mararikulam)
Monuments & Temples in Kerala
Guruvayoor Temple: Dedicated to Lord Krishna, it is located about 29 kms North-West of Thrissur.
Chottanikkara Temple: Located nearby Kochi, it is the temple of Goddess Bhagavathy.
Sabarimala Temple: The temple is popular for its scenic view.
Vadakkumnathan Temple: It is the historic temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
St. Sebastian Church: The most popular church is located 22 km north of Alappuzha.
Napier Museum: It is located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala.
Edakkal Caves: It is located at Ambukuthi Hills, Wayanad.
Bekal Fort: It is located in Bekal, Kerala.
Bolghatty Palace: Originally constructed by Dutch during the year 1744, now this palace is transformed into a KTDC hotel.
Alwaye Palace: The palace is located on the bank of Periyar River.
Mattanchery Palace: The palace originally constructed by Portuguese, it is located in Ernakulam District.
Hill Palace Museum: 1865 built royal palace, Hill Palace Museum is a heritage museum.
Koyikkal Palace: Built during the 15th century, Koyikkal Palace is located at the distance of 18 km from Thiruvananthapuram.
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Kerala:
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve: Located in the Nilgiri Hills of Western Ghats, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve.
Silent Valley National Park: Located in the Kundali Hills, Silent Valley National Park is popular for the endangered species such as Lion-tailed Macaque, Gaur and Indian Sloth Bear.
Eravikulam National Park: It is located in the Idukki District of Kerala.
Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located in Idukki and Pathanamthitta Districts of Kerala.
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located in southern part of Western Ghats.
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in Wayanad, it is an animal sanctuary.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in Palakkad District of Kerala.
Thattekad Bird Sanctuary: It is located in Kochi.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary: It is located in Idukki District of Kerala.
Adventure Tourism in Kerala:
Land of Lakes, Canals, Lagoons and Rivers, Kerala offers various adventurous tourisms such as Backwater Boating and Trekking on Western Ghats. Besides, you also enjoy here cycling and canoeing; cycling through the paddy fields and villages and canoeing in backwaters of Kerala are pretty thrilling.
Medical Tourism in Kerala:
These days, medical and eco-tourism are quite popular; many of the patients from various countries come Kerala for the treatment. The popular traditional systems of treatment i.e. Ayurveda is quite beneficial for many of the diseases. Ayurveda is one of the best ways for healing of the body. Surprisingly, it not only cures the diseases but it also provides mental peace. People who are mentally disturb because mundane life problems or having such kind any tension, Ayurvedic treatment is advice for them. This is the method that cure top to toes.
On your Kerala tour package, you can combined the trip with Culture tour and Ayurveda treatment at the same time.