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Ladakh means land of high passes - is a situated in northern part of India is an Union territory declared on 31st October,2019 as per the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019. It is located between the Kunlun mountains in the north and the main Himalayas in the south. Ladakh region is known for stunning views of its remote mountains around. The people residing in Ladakh are of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan origins.
History of Ladakh
Historically, neighbouring places like Baltistan, the Indus Valley, Zanskar Valleys, Lahaul and Spiti, Aksai Chin and the Nubra Valley are part of Ladakh. Presently Ladakh has borders with Tibet to the east, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, and Kashmir, Jammu and Baltistan to the west.
At a time Ladakh regions was important trade route where several trade routes used to met. Trade route was closed in 1960s when China closed its border with Tibet.
Passing by the record books, the historical backdrop of the Ladakh began getting archived directly after the seventh and eighth century. In the seventh and eighth century, Tibetanization of Ladakh started. Indeed, even today, people accept that Ladakh was a part of the Tibet. The Tibetan culture began vigorously impacting the real advancements in Ladakh during the last of 9th Century. Tibetans continued assuming the job of the significant key playersk in the region till ninth century. The leaders of Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty kept a solid hang on the Tibet limits. At that point an Islamic kingdom aligned itself with China, which made Tibet stop its military development. At that point Ladakh went under the control of Ralpacan, a solid ruler, and ardent Buddhist. He started numerous measures to help Buddhism. After his death, Ralpacan's brother Lang Darma came into power and increased an enormous following in Tibet. A few years after the fact, after the downfall of Lang Darma, the number of inhabitants in Buddhist began diminishing. At last, Ladakh turned into an autonomous kingdom under the standard of a neighborhood ruler.
In the tenth century, the Lha Chen Palgyi-Gon, a relative of Lang Darma came into power. During his residency, major social and religious practices were started. Later in 1553, Namgyal Dynasty, vanquished Ladakh. They kept their standard over Ladakh until the seventeenth century. In the Namgyal Dynasty, Singe Namgyal was the most significant pioneer who ruled Ladakh in the seventeenth century. He was known by the name of "Lion King,". and was noted for his commitment in making royal residences, religious communities and places of worship
After the passing of Singe Namgyal, his zone was partitioned and given a name - Ladakh. At that point it inevitably go to his successor, Deldan Namgyal (ca. 1675-1705). During his tenure, Deldan Namgya raised the Golden Buddha at Shey.
He was likewise associated with numerous unified with the rulers of Kashmir and Tibet. Afterward, Mughals came to control in Ladakh, and when they left, Tibet attacked the region. In the eighteenth century, at that point Ruler of Ladakh started began naming older folks to assume responsibility for all the town related issue. Many printing presses came up who used to create religious writings. Additionally in the eighteenth century, Sikh rulers even came into the image and set up over Jammu and Kashmir. At that point Dogra Invasion of 1834 started during which Zorawar Singh, attacked Ladakh. After the Sikh ruler, Britons assumed responsibility for Ladakh and made it a part of Jammu and Kashmir under the influence of the Maharaja of Kashmir.
The travel industry has won a wide acknowledgment as a tourism industry in the region in perspective on its potential for tourism products for business. The Tourism offices in Ladakh has high employment for the locals in terms of transport, Hotels and Restaurants, Guides, Shopkeepers etc,.
Since the opening of Tourism in Ladakh (1974), Leh has enlisted for increasing number of travelers being attracted by this beautiful landscaping land. Ladakh has a very rich culture and tradition worth seeing.
Tourist places in Ladakh :
Hemis, Alchi, Lamayuru, Shey and Thiksay are probably the most interesting places of Ladakh region which draw a number of people both Inidans and foreigners. At the same time some of remotely located places are Tsomoriri Lak, Pangong lake(Half in China) and worlds highest motorable road - Khardongla (18350 fts) and Nubra Valley are the next places which everyone want to experience once in life time.
This lake is arranged at a height of 14,100 ft. in the Eastern part of Ladakh, a good ways off of 150 km from Leh crosswise over Changla pass (17,000ft.). This lake is one of the biggest and most wonderful normal saline lake in the nation.
This lake is arranged at a rise of 15,000 ft. over the ocean level, a good ways off of 240 km from Leh in the South-eastern segment of Ladakh. It resembles a pearl formed and contains huge mineral stores. Korzok town is arranged on the South-west bank of this lake. Korzok Gonpa and its occupants travelers by convention are most exceptional highlights of this region.
Real fascination of Nubra is the most astounding motorable street Khardongla pass (18,380ft.) great pinnacles and icy masses charming valleys and towns. Diskit and Samstanling Gonpa, Panamik natural aquifer, twofold bumped camel safari, waterway boating, trekking and Sunbathe in the sand hills at Hunder are likewise an incredible wellspring of fascination for the touristsThis valley is prevalently known as Ldumra or the valley of plantation/blooms. It is arranged in the North of Ladakh, among Karakoram and Ladakh scopes of Himalayas. Nubra lies at normal height around 10,000 feet above ocean level. The atmosphere, of the regions being delicate, soil is much prolific and the vegetation of the territory is similarly thicker than those of different regions of Ladakh. Bushes, brambles and trees develop in bounty any place there is any wellspring of water. Because of this explanation Nubra has procured its correct name-Ldumra. Shayok and Siachan streams shapes genuinely enormous channel in Nubra. Nubra is an expansive valley with elevated mountains on its everything sides. Valley expect more noteworthy attractions at the site where both the streams meet. The arrangement of Central piece of Nubra additionally happens there. Diskit is the Sub-Division HQ. of Nubra. Diskit Gonpa is likewise arranged at a stature of around 200 mtrs. Over the town, on the spike of rough mountain and at the most ordering point having clear perspective on the whole focal piece of Nubra. Samstanling Gonpa is arranged on the North, confronting Diskit Gonpa. This Gonpa is similarly significant and recreationally it accept more prominent significance for being arranged at an instructing picturesque view point at the foot slopes of Karakoram ranges up above Tegar and Sumoor towns, in the midst of a lot of water and high vegetation. Significant town by means of Kardong, Khalsar, Tirit, Sumoor, Tegar Pinchemik, Tirisha and Panamik all fall along the customary silk course. The processions voyaging Central Asia and Kashmir through Nubra valley used to remain at those towns. Panamik was the most significant spot for haltage of Caravan. It filled in as last real town where the Caravans handled the office of criticism, before they arrange Saseer and Karakoram goes towards Central Asia. The well known underground aquifer of Panamik likewise served them as a hotspot for shower, drinking water and remedial reason. Panamik has still got charms and probability to fill in as a host to explorers. All zones around it including Iantsa Gonpa and Murgi cascade crosswise over it joined with picturesque view fortifies its excellence and neighborliness
Culture and Heritage of Ladakh
Monasteries and Monumnets in Ladakh
Ladakh is well know for Buddhist monasteries situated in most landscaping around mostly on Hills and in the Villages of Ladakh. These monasteries are Buddhist Monasteries where people of Buddhist faith come and pray. The monasteries in Ladakh are architecturally rich which visitors to the region can enjoy a lot.
Monasteries have a wealth of artefacts. Lamayuru, - oldest Buddhist centre of Ladakh, is the best among all others.
MONUMENTS IN LADAKH
- Sculpture at Drass.
- Rock Cut Sculpture at Mulbekh.
- Lamayuru Monastery
- Likir Monastery
- Alchi Monastery
- Phyang Monastery
- Hemis Monastery
- Leh Palace
- Old Castle Tsemo Hill
- Stupa at T- Suru
- Shey Palace